Middle Comedy

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Middle Comedy

 

ancient Greek comedy of the fourth century B.C. Middle Comedy depicted everyday life and such common types as the cook, fishmonger, and parasite; it also parodied myths or the treatment of myths in tragedies. The names of about 50 authors of Middle Comedy plays are known, and fragments and titles of about 700 plays have been preserved.

REFERENCES

Istoriia grecheskoi literatury. Edited by S. I. Sobolevskii [et al.], vol. 1. Moscow-Leningrad, 1946.
Dunkin, P. S. Post-Aristophanic Comedy. Urbana, 111., 1946.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
In sections on epos, drama, empirical and imaginary chronotopes, and shifting chronotopes, they examine such aspects as calculating the mythical dimension: time and distance in Homeric navigation, Iris as messenger and her journey: speech in space and time, time traveling and space traveling in Greek middle comedy, mythological time and space in Ovid's exile poetry, and Carmenta in the Fasti: a tale of two feasts.
(6) Most scholars agree that Assemblywomen and Wealth are more or less specimens of Middle Comedy; see H.
(46) Segal writes: "This growing tendency toward domestication and financialization culminates in the Plutus (288 BC) and then in middle comedy" (The Death of Comedy 114).
(33.) See Nesselrath 1990 and 1997, who argues convincingly for continuity between Old and Middle Comedy. Cf.
Middle Comedy Style of drama that prevailed in Athens from about 400 BC to about 320 BC.
The scathing social satires of Aristophanes were the best examples of Old Comedy, which declined after the defeat of Athens into Middle Comedy, of which there are no extant examples.
Could this trend in stagecraft explain, in part, the rise of Middle Comedy with its emphasis on stock characterization and dramatic monologues?
Aristophanes' dramatic activity covered the end of the period of Old Comedy and the start of the so-called Middle Comedy, with most of his surviving plays belonging to the period of Old Comedy.