Middle East

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Middle East,

term traditionally applied by western Europeans to the countries of SW Asia and NE Africa lying W of Afghanistan, Pakistan, and India. Thus defined it includes Cyprus, the Asian part of Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Israel, the West Bank and Gaza, Jordan, Iraq, Iran, the countries of the Arabian peninsula (Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Bahrain, Kuwait), and Egypt and Libya. The area was viewed as midway between Europe and East Asia (traditionally called the Far EastFar East,
in the most restricted sense, region comprising the countries of E Asia, namely China, Japan, North Korea, South Korea, Mongolia, and Taiwan, and the easternmost portion of Russian Siberia (see Russian Far East).
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). The term is sometimes used in a cultural sense to mean the group of lands in that part of the world predominantly Islamic in culture, thus including the remaining states of N Africa as well as Afghanistan and Pakistan. In the 20th cent. the Middle East has been the scene of political turmoil and major warfare, including World War I, World War II, the Arab-Israeli WarsArab-Israeli Wars,
conflicts in 1948–49, 1956, 1967, 1973–74, and 1982 between Israel and the Arab states. Tensions between Israel and the Arabs have been complicated and heightened by the political, strategic, and economic interests in the area of the great powers.
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, the Iran-Iraq WarIran-Iraq War,
1980–88, protracted military conflict between Iran and Iraq. It officially began on Sept. 22, 1980, with an Iraqi land and air invasion of western Iran, although Iraqi spokespersons maintained that Iran had been engaging in artillery attacks on Iraqi towns
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 and the Persian Gulf WarsPersian Gulf Wars,
two conflicts involving Iraq and U.S.-led coalitions in the late 20th and early 21st cent.

The First Persian Gulf War, also known as the Gulf War, Jan.–Feb.
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Middle East


the conventional name for the area of Western Asia between Europe and Pakistan. On occasion, especially in English and American literature, the term “Middle East” is interchangeable with the term “Near East.” More often, however, it refers to the countries of the Near East together with Iran and Afghanistan. For the most part, therefore, “Middle East” is not used by itself but as part of the term “Near and Middle East.”

Middle East

1. (loosely) the area around the E Mediterranean, esp Israel and the Arab countries from Turkey to North Africa and eastwards to Iran
2. (formerly) the area extending from the Tigris and Euphrates to Myanmar
References in periodicals archive ?
3.2.2 Middle East and North Africa Average Refinery Complexity Factor vs.
Low voltage Middle East cable market size was worth more than $1.84 billion in 2015, and is projected to be valued at approximately $3 billion by 2023.
Interior Lifestyle Middle East 2020 will make its debut in a Middle East and African (MEA) market where demand for dining items such as glassware, tableware and household utensils, continues to rise.
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Best Online Trading Platform - Middle East ADS Securities
This report covers trends driving each segment and offers analysis and insights on the potential of electronics accessories in all the countries covered under Middle East. In terms of revenue share contribution, GCC region has been estimated to dominate the electronics accessories market throughout the forecast period.
Winners of past Caterer Middle East Awards and Hotelier Middle East Awards are also featured, including Ben Tobitt, head chef, The Ivy Dubai and Caterer Middle East Chef of the Year - Standalone 2014; Amrish Sood, speciality chef, Rang Mahal by Atul Kochhar and Caterer Middle East Chef of the Year - Hotel 2014; Paul Hayward, resort executive pastry chef, Madinat Jumeirah Dubai and Caterer Middle East Pastry Chef of the Year 2014; Sebastian Nohse, director of culinary, JW Marriott Marquis Dubai and Hotelier Middle East Executive Chef of the Year 2013; and Akshay Nayyar, executive chef, Melia Dubai and Hotelier Middle East Chef de Cuisine of the Year 2013.
CNN Digital (combinedCNN.com, CNN Money, and in the Middle East CNN Arabic) also tracks ahead of international news competitors in both markets, with 11% monthly reach in the Middle East and 23% monthly reach in Africa.
Jumeirah Group CEO and President, Gerald Lawless, said: We are delighted to have been voted Best Hotel Brand in the Middle East which confirms Jumeirah s position as not only the leading luxury hotel brand in the Middle East but also one of top hotel brands worldwide.
The Middle East region is an important ICT market in India's export basket.
In conjunction with the World Economic Forum on the Middle East and North Africa 2013, PwC Middle East has revealed the results of the 2013 Middle East CEO Survey titled "Matching confidence with competitiveness." In common with the global trend, confidence among CEOs in the region is down compared to last year's survey (60 percent).
Question: Which country alone in the Middle East has nuclear weapons?

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