Middle East

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Middle East,

term traditionally applied by western Europeans to the countries of SW Asia and NE Africa lying W of Afghanistan, Pakistan, and India. Thus defined it includes Cyprus, the Asian part of Turkey, Syria, Lebanon, Israel, the West Bank and Gaza, Jordan, Iraq, Iran, the countries of the Arabian peninsula (Saudi Arabia, Yemen, Oman, United Arab Emirates, Qatar, Bahrain, Kuwait), and Egypt and Libya. The area was viewed as midway between Europe and East Asia (traditionally called the Far EastFar East,
in the most restricted sense, region comprising the countries of E Asia, namely China, Japan, North Korea, South Korea, Mongolia, and Taiwan, and the easternmost portion of Russian Siberia (see Russian Far East).
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). The term is sometimes used in a cultural sense to mean the group of lands in that part of the world predominantly Islamic in culture, thus including the remaining states of N Africa as well as Afghanistan and Pakistan. In the 20th cent. the Middle East has been the scene of political turmoil and major warfare, including World War I, World War II, the Arab-Israeli WarsArab-Israeli Wars,
conflicts in 1948–49, 1956, 1967, 1973–74, and 1982 between Israel and the Arab states. Tensions between Israel and the Arabs have been complicated and heightened by the political, strategic, and economic interests in the area of the great powers.
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, the Iran-Iraq WarIran-Iraq War,
1980–88, protracted military conflict between Iran and Iraq. It officially began on Sept. 22, 1980, with an Iraqi land and air invasion of western Iran, although Iraqi spokespersons maintained that Iran had been engaging in artillery attacks on Iraqi towns
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 and the Persian Gulf WarsPersian Gulf Wars,
two conflicts involving Iraq and U.S.-led coalitions in the late 20th and early 21st cent.

The First Persian Gulf War, also known as the Gulf War, Jan.–Feb.
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.

Middle East

 

the conventional name for the area of Western Asia between Europe and Pakistan. On occasion, especially in English and American literature, the term “Middle East” is interchangeable with the term “Near East.” More often, however, it refers to the countries of the Near East together with Iran and Afghanistan. For the most part, therefore, “Middle East” is not used by itself but as part of the term “Near and Middle East.”

Middle East

1. (loosely) the area around the E Mediterranean, esp Israel and the Arab countries from Turkey to North Africa and eastwards to Iran
2. (formerly) the area extending from the Tigris and Euphrates to Myanmar
References in periodicals archive ?
In a one sided final of the 3rd DCC Saturday Silly Sloggers League it was Mideast Metals who emerged triumphant by a whopping 122 run margin over Pulse Secure at the ICC Cricket Academy.
Since time immemorial, Mideast was among hot climatic and short tempered people's region where so many prophets were sent by God centuries ago: Middle Eastern prophet defying and prophet killing people had religions which now have largest following: including Judaism in particular.
After the opening ceremony the Expo Centre executives held a meeting with Benny Do and Wings Cheung, where preparations for the upcoming 46th MidEast Watch & Jewellery Show at Expo Centre Sharjah from April 2 to 6, 2019, and Hong Kong Pavilion were discussed.
"The MidEast Watch & Jewellery Industry has become a magnet of sorts for leading jewellers from across the world to test the Middle East market.
Shipments on the route received a boost in the fourth quarter of 2017, after refinery outages in northwest Europe and the impact of Hurricane Harvey in the US disrupted supplies of clean products from those regions to Asia-Pacific, and instead boosted demand for naphtha shipments on the typical Mideast Gulf to Japan route.
Abbas is expected to have a discussion with Macron on the resolutions of the international Mideast peace conference.
The Mideast portal's debut sale will feature a broad range in construction and earthmoving equipment from multiple locations across the Middle East from April 26 until May 3.
New Delhi is looking for Mideast countries to invest in its refineries, petrochemical plants and strategic storage, and wants to sent its upstream firms to explore in the Mideast Gulf, Pradhan said recently.
Steelmark Mideast is a leading project package supplier and international distributor of steel pipes, fittings, flanges, valves, other piping components and related accessories in the Middle East.
France said it felt compelled to gather world and regional powers at a time when Mideast peace appears further away than ever.
What it failed to mention was that The Mideast Beast is a satirical website.
GROSS DOMESTIC PRODUCT BY STATE BY REGION 1969 Mideast 23.5% Great Lakes 21.3% Plains 7.4% Southeast 17.7% Southwest 7.3% Rocky Mountain 2.2% Far West 14.9% New England 5.8% 2012 Mideast 18.0% Great Lakes 13.8% Plains 6.6% Southeast 22.0% Southwest 12.3% Rocky Mountain 3.5% Far West 18.5% New England 5.4% Note: Table made from pie chart.