Miguel Hidalgo


Also found in: Wikipedia.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Hidalgo, Miguel

 

(Hidalgo y Costilla). Born May 8, 1753, in Corralejos, in the state of Guanajuato; died July 30, 1811, in Chihuahua, in the state of Chihuahua. National hero of Mexico. Leader of the popular uprising of 1810–1811, which developed into a war for Mexican independence from Spain.

Hidalgo graduated from a seminary in Valladolid (now Mo-relia), where he subsequently was a teacher and, later, rector. Reduced to being a parish priest for disseminating the ideas of the French Encyclopedists, he continued to speak out for the country’s independence and for the improvement of the economic and legal position of the Indian population. On Sept. 16, 1810, in the city of Dolores, Hidalgo called on the people to rise up in a war of liberation (the grito de Dolores, “the cry of Dolores”), and at the head of a revolutionary army consisting primarily of Indian peasants, mine workers, and peons, he defied the Spanish. In November, a government headed by Hidalgo was created in the city of Guadalajara. It proclaimed the abolition of slavery and promulgated laws returning communal lands to the Indians and lowering taxes. The revolutionary army suffered defeat in January 1811. In March of that year, Hidalgo was taken prisoner, handed over to a court, and shot.

REFERENCES

Al’perovich, M. S. Voina za nezavisimost’ Meksiki (1810–1824). Moscow, 1964.
Mancisidor, J. Hidalgo, Morelos, Guerrero[2nd ed.]. Mexico City, 1970.

G. I. IVANOV

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Seven Filipino boys fell ndash Sebastien Lhuillier to Jean Marc Malkowski of Switzerland (6-2, 6-1), Loucas Julian Fernandez to Lo Yi-jui of Chinese Taipei (2-6, 6-4, 6-2), Marcus de Rosario to Kokoro Isomura of Japan (6-4, 6-3), Jose Antonio Tria to Hungarian fifth seed Zsombor Velcz (6-4, 6-3), Vince EJ Tugade to Thai Patom Hanchaikul (6-2, 6-0), Jude Miguel Hidalgo to Lin Nan-hsun of Chinese Taipei (6-0, 6-0), and Mark Nicole Suson to Corban Crowther of New Zealand (6-4, 7-6 (3).
The centerpiece of the festivities was a re-enactment of the "Cry of Dolores," a historic event in small town of Dolores on the morning of September 16, 1810, when Mexico's founding father, Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, issued a call to arms that signaled the start of the war of independence.
Miguel Hidalgo's army - a congregation of criollos, mestizos, indios, and mulatos - marched to Guanajuato to capture this strategic state, the Archbishop of Mexico, Antonio de Lizana y Beaumont, rapidly circulated a pastoral letter warning the inhabitants of Nueva Espana (now Mexico) about the "once brilliant star" of the clergy who had morphed into "another Lucifer." Archbishop Lizana declared that "because of the insubordination and fraternal hatred that moves Fr.
Mexicans from all over the world are all set to celebrate El Grito - the day when Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, known as the father of Mexican independence, launched the revolution that led to Spain's departure from Mexico.
Other winners included: Plaza Premium Lounge at London Heathrow, Petra Lounge at Amman Queen Alia International, Asiana Lounge at Seoul Incheon International and VIP Lounge at Guadalajara Miguel Hidalgo International.
Pemex announced its latest investment projects during an event held at the 315,000-barrels per day (bpd) Miguel Hidalgo refinery in Tula, Hidalgo state where it is carrying out a $5 bilion upgrade.
Jose Miguel Hidalgo, who is leading the investigation into Yeremi's disappearance, said officers will go to Scotland "as soon as possible".