Miguel Hidalgo

(redirected from Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla)

Hidalgo, Miguel

 

(Hidalgo y Costilla). Born May 8, 1753, in Corralejos, in the state of Guanajuato; died July 30, 1811, in Chihuahua, in the state of Chihuahua. National hero of Mexico. Leader of the popular uprising of 1810–1811, which developed into a war for Mexican independence from Spain.

Hidalgo graduated from a seminary in Valladolid (now Mo-relia), where he subsequently was a teacher and, later, rector. Reduced to being a parish priest for disseminating the ideas of the French Encyclopedists, he continued to speak out for the country’s independence and for the improvement of the economic and legal position of the Indian population. On Sept. 16, 1810, in the city of Dolores, Hidalgo called on the people to rise up in a war of liberation (the grito de Dolores, “the cry of Dolores”), and at the head of a revolutionary army consisting primarily of Indian peasants, mine workers, and peons, he defied the Spanish. In November, a government headed by Hidalgo was created in the city of Guadalajara. It proclaimed the abolition of slavery and promulgated laws returning communal lands to the Indians and lowering taxes. The revolutionary army suffered defeat in January 1811. In March of that year, Hidalgo was taken prisoner, handed over to a court, and shot.

REFERENCES

Al’perovich, M. S. Voina za nezavisimost’ Meksiki (1810–1824). Moscow, 1964.
Mancisidor, J. Hidalgo, Morelos, Guerrero[2nd ed.]. Mexico City, 1970.

G. I. IVANOV

References in periodicals archive ?
El investigador de la Direccion de Estudios Historicos del Instituto Nacional de Antropologia e Historia (INAH) y autor de los cuatro volumenes Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, documentos de su vida (INAH, 2010) asienta:
The centerpiece of the festivities was a re-enactment of the "Cry of Dolores," a historic event in small town of Dolores on the morning of September 16, 1810, when Mexico's founding father, Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, issued a call to arms that signaled the start of the war of independence.
El famoso grito de Dolores que, en la madrugada del 16 de septiembre de 1810, pronunciara el sacerdote Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, reivindicando a Fernando Vil, "el bien amado" hijo del monarca espanol quien se encontraba prisionero junto con su padre, pero asumiendo que su detencion por parte de Napoleon Bonaparte permitia al pueblo reasumir su soberania y declarar su independencia del Virreinato de la Nueva Espana.
El 16 de septiembre de 1810, Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla (1753-1811) inicio la sacudida insurgente al virreinato mas septentrional del orbe hispano en America, movilizando un enorme contingente popular que se abalanzo feroz sobre las poblaciones del bajio novohispano.
Mexicans from all over the world are all set to celebrate El Grito - the day when Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, known as the father of Mexican independence, launched the revolution that led to Spain's departure from Mexico.
Cuando Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla dio el grito de Independencia en su parroquia de Dolores, el 16 de septiembre de 1810, el Padre de la Patria Dominicana no habia nacido.
This service consolidates and moves cargo from Frankfurt am Main International Airport (FRA) to Benito JuEirez International Airport (MEX) and Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla International Airport (GDL).
Entre ellos, nos encontramos con personajes como Jose Alvarez de Toledo, Eloy Valenzuela, Francisco Antonio Zea, Ramos Arizpe, Tomas Romay, Santacruz y Espejo, los hermanos Gutierrez de Pineres, Juan Bernardo O'Gavan, Francisco Javier Mina, Jose Fernandez Madrid, Manuel Rodriguez Torices, Enrique Umana Barragan, Joaquin Mosquera y Figueroa, Carlos Maria de Bustamante, Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, Manuel de Salas, Manuel Moreno, Juan Pablo Viscardo y Guzman, etc.
In 1810, Mexicans were inspired to begin their successful revolt against Spanish rule by Father Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla and his ''Grito de Dolores'' (''Cry of Dolores'').
Si trataramos de hacer un recuento de la produccion historiografica que se ocupa de los principales caudillos de nuestro proceso de independencia en su etapa insurgente y trigarante, veriamos sin mucha dificultad que las figuras mas estudiadas desde las primeras decadas del siglo XIX hasta la fecha, han sido Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, Jose Maria Morelos y Pavon y Agustin de Iturbide y Aramburu.
En el se observan personajes de la historia de Mexico como Miguel Hidalgo y Costilla, Benito Juarez, Pancho Villa, Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz.