Miguel Primo de Rivera


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Primo de Rivera, Miguel,

1870–1930, Spanish general and dictator. After a rapid and brilliant military career in Cuba, the Philippines, and Morocco, he became governor of Cádiz (1915), then in turn captain general of Valencia, Madrid, and Catalonia. From Catalonia he staged a coup in Sept., 1923, dissolving the Cortes and then establishing, with the full approval of King Alfonso XIII, a military directory. The constitution of 1876 as well as civil liberties were suspended. The military dictatorship was replaced by a civilian directory (1925); both ruled quite moderately, without the brutalities and extreme repression that characterized later dictatorships. Primo de Rivera ended the war in Morocco (1926), introduced many measures aimed at economic modernization and administrative reform, and launched an ambitious program of public works, but his rule aroused the opposition of anarcho-syndicalists, Catalan regionalists, and all liberals. An uprising in 1929 by the liberals did not succeed, but various political and economic failures of the regime soon led to his resignation (Jan., 1930). He died in exile in Paris.
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References in periodicals archive ?
La dictadura de Miguel Primo de Rivera (1923-1930), ha sido considerada frecuentemente como <<un parentesis [en la historia del pais] que no resolvio nada>> (11).
In May 1934, Jose Antonio Primo de Rivera (1903-1936), scion of General Miguel Primo de Rivera (1870-1930), dictator of Spain during the 1920s, visited Nazi Germany.
Second, while Mosse and Weber explored the creation of citizens over a century or more, Quiroga limits himself to a much briefer period: the seven-year-long dictatorship of General Miguel Primo de Rivera. Third, unlike the peasants who became Frenchmen under the Third Republic and the German masses who were nationalized by the Second and Third Reichs, few Spaniards were "made" by the Primo de Rivera regime.
The secular Second Spanish Republic, inaugurated in April 1931 following the collapse of General Miguel Primo de Rivera's seven-year military dictatorship, launched a campaign of secularization throughout Spain, challenging the authority of the Church.
La Guerre du Rif avait provoque la chute de gouvernements, etait a l'origine du coup d'Etat du general Miguel Primo de Rivera et avait affaibli la popularite de la monarchie.