Miguel Primo de Rivera


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Primo de Rivera, Miguel,

1870–1930, Spanish general and dictator. After a rapid and brilliant military career in Cuba, the Philippines, and Morocco, he became governor of Cádiz (1915), then in turn captain general of Valencia, Madrid, and Catalonia. From Catalonia he staged a coup in Sept., 1923, dissolving the Cortes and then establishing, with the full approval of King Alfonso XIII, a military directory. The constitution of 1876 as well as civil liberties were suspended. The military dictatorship was replaced by a civilian directory (1925); both ruled quite moderately, without the brutalities and extreme repression that characterized later dictatorships. Primo de Rivera ended the war in Morocco (1926), introduced many measures aimed at economic modernization and administrative reform, and launched an ambitious program of public works, but his rule aroused the opposition of anarcho-syndicalists, Catalan regionalists, and all liberals. An uprising in 1929 by the liberals did not succeed, but various political and economic failures of the regime soon led to his resignation (Jan., 1930). He died in exile in Paris.
References in periodicals archive ?
La dictadura de Miguel Primo de Rivera (1923-1930), ha sido considerada frecuentemente como <<un parentesis [en la historia del pais] que no resolvio nada>> (11).
(38.) El testimonio de Miguel Primo de Rivera sirvio para relatar la prision de Jose Antonio en Alicante por Antiguedad, A.
In May 1934, Jose Antonio Primo de Rivera (1903-1936), scion of General Miguel Primo de Rivera (1870-1930), dictator of Spain during the 1920s, visited Nazi Germany.
Second, while Mosse and Weber explored the creation of citizens over a century or more, Quiroga limits himself to a much briefer period: the seven-year-long dictatorship of General Miguel Primo de Rivera. Third, unlike the peasants who became Frenchmen under the Third Republic and the German masses who were nationalized by the Second and Third Reichs, few Spaniards were "made" by the Primo de Rivera regime.
Miguel Primo de Rivera, con sus "notas oficiosas", y que resultaran desconocidas para muchos lectores.
Los comentarios en el <<Prologo>> de Miguel PRIMO DE RIVERA a la obra de GARCIA FIGUERAS, T.
Ante la apremiante coyuntura, el monarca espanol no vio mejor solucion que admitir la dictadura militar de Miguel Primo de Rivera en 1923 regida bajo principios autoritaristas y modernizadores.
En esa linea en esta obra aparecen trabajos de Claudia Poncioni sobre la escuela modernista en el Brasil de Getulio Vargas, de Gius Gargiulo sobre la manipulacion de Silvio Berlusconi de la educacion catolica/ catodica en Italia --a traves de la comunion en el vertice del poder de la politica educativa con los mass media, con los deportes en primera fila--, o de Jose Rodriguez Labandeira sobre el programa de construcciones escolares, sport --de nuevo en la vanguardia de la nacion, aunque sin television-- y aseo del alumnado promovido por Miguel Primo de Rivera --y Calvo Sotelo-- en Espana.
The secular Second Spanish Republic, inaugurated in April 1931 following the collapse of General Miguel Primo de Rivera's seven-year military dictatorship, launched a campaign of secularization throughout Spain, challenging the authority of the Church.
En el contexto espanol el dia de la hispanidad cobro relevancia como festejo nacional durante las dictaduras de Miguel Primo de Rivera (1923-1930) y Francisco Franco Bahamonde (1939--1975) que impulsaron la idea de una Espana unida por encima de los regionalismos locales.
La Guerre du Rif avait provoque la chute de gouvernements, etait a l'origine du coup d'Etat du general Miguel Primo de Rivera et avait affaibli la popularite de la monarchie.
Todos esos elementos nutriran las propuestas de los dirigentes del fascismo espanol Ramiro Ledesma Ramos--su mas destacado lider intelectual--y su maximo dirigente Jose Antonio Primo de Rivera, hijo del dictador de los anos 20 Miguel Primo de Rivera.