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Born Mar. 4, 1875, in Budapest; died Mar. 18, 1955, in Paris. Count; Hungarian political figure.
Károlyi was a deputy in Parliament from 1906 to 1918. InOctober 1918 he became head of the National Council, made upof representatives of the Party of Independence and 1848, theBourgeois Radical Party, and the Social Democratic Party ofHungary. On Oct. 31, 1918, after the victory of the bourgeois-democratic revolution, Károlyi became the head of the govern-ment formed by representatives of the parties of the National Council. He was the president of the Hungarian republic fromJanuary to March 1919. He emigrated from Hungary after theproclamation of the Hungarian Soviet Republic in 1919. Whileliving abroad, Károlyi opposed the fascist regime of M. Horthy(1920–44) and took an active part in the antifascist and antiwarmovement. He headed the Movement for a Democratic Hungaryin Great Britain in 1943. Károlyi returned to Hungary in 1946and was Hungarian ambassador in Paris from 1947 to 1949. Heretired in 1949 and died in Paris in 1955. Károlyi’s remains weremoved to Budapest in 1962.