Mihail Kogalniceanu

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Kogălniceanu, Mihail


Born Sept. 6, 1817, in Ia§i; died June 20, 1891, in Paris. Rumanian statesman, politician, historian and writer.

Kogälniceanu completed his education in France and Germany (1834–38). In 1843–44 he lectured on history at the Mikhailovsk Academia Mihăileană (in Moldavia). After the suppression of the revolutionary movement in Moldavia (May 1848), he lived in exile (in Chernovtsy until 1849). Kogălniceanu wrote the work The Wishes of the National Party in Moldavia, in which he proposed a program of bourgeois-democratic reforms and demanded th unification of Moldavia and Walachia into a single Rumanian state. In 1860–61 he headed the government of Moldavia; from 1863 to 1865 he was head of the government of Rumania and in 1876 and 1877–78 was minister of foreign affairs. Kogălniceanu carried out a number of bourgeois reforms (including the secularization of church lands and the 1864 land reform). In April 1877, on the eve of the Russo-Turkish War of 1877–78, he signed the agreement concerning the passage of Russian troops through Rumania, and on May 9 (21), 1877, in the Chamber of Deputies he proclaimed Rumania’s independence.

In 1869, Kogălniceanu became a member of the Rumanian Academic Society, and from 1887 to 1890 he served as president of the Rumanian Academy. He published works on history, archival materials (including Chronicles of the Moldavian State, vols. 1–3, 1845–52), a number of short stories, and sketches of manners (Lost Illusions, 1841; Physiology of a Provincial in Iaşi, 1844). He also wrote plays (including Two Women Against One Man, 1840) and an unfinished social novel entitled Secrets of the Heart (1850). Kogălniceanu published the journals Dacia literară (1840) and Propăşirea (1844).


Serien alese, 2nd ed. [Bucharest] 1958. (Contains bibliography.)
Texte social-politice alese. Bucharest, 1967.
Scrieri literare, istorice, politice. [Bucharest, 1967.]
Opere alese. Kishinev, 1966.
Documente diplomatice. Bucharest, 1972.


Ionescu, V. Mihail Kogălniceanu. Bucharest, 1963.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Four RAF Typhoons are deployed at the Mihail Kogalniceanu air base in southeast Romania as part of Operation Biloxi, Nato's enhanced Air Policing mission to bolster the alliance's eastern airspace.
* Improving the forward operating site at Mihail Kogalniceanu Air Base, Romania, to provide a projection platform and forward logistics hub for sustainment capability in Eastern Europe.
In Feb 2014, the transit center at Mihail Kogalniceanu, Romania (MK) was fully operational and as of March 15, 2015, more than 171,000 passengers have processed in and out of CENTCOM theatre.
Breedlove, Supreme Allied Commander Europe of NATO Allied Command Operations in Bucharest on the 26th of November 2014, the Romanian minister of national defense, Mircea Dusa, states that the Mihail Kogalniceanu Base has become an important logistic hub and a transit center as a result of the excellent cooperation between Romania and the United States of America [1].
Simultaneously, up to 600 soldiers from the Army's Germany-based 2nd Squadron, 2nd Cavalry Regiment, launched a simulated ground assault from Romania's Mihail Kogalniceanu Air Base near the Black Sea, The Military Times reports.
Regarding the upper border of Romanian medievalism, it is very useful to analyse the opinions expressed by two Romanian intellectuals (Florian Aaron and Mihail Kogalniceanu) at the end of the 1830s and at the beginning of the 1840s.
His artistic skills developed and took up the impressionist trend in Paris, a place where he was sent with a fellowship, in 1861, by Mihail Kogalniceanu in order to improve and to accomplish his potential.
Under the deal, the US will shift its flight operations to Romania's Mihail Kogalniceanu air base from the Manas Transit Center, a contract expiring in July, 2014.
The experiment was conducted in Mihail Kogalniceanu Highschool (school gym), in Constanta county.
That type of after-action review process takes place now at the Babadag training facility, about 30 miles north of Mihail Kogalniceanu Airbase, Romania, courtesy of the Training Support Activity Europe, part of the Joint Multinational Training Command at Grafenwoehr, Germany.
Late last year, the Swiss system, known as "Onyx," intercepted an official fax sent by Egyptian foreign minister Ahmed Aboul Gheit to the country's London embassy discussing "the fate of 23 detainees from Iraq and Afghanistan who were apparently interrogated at the Mihail Kogalniceanu air base in Romania on the Black Sea coast," reported the January 10 London Telegraph.