Mihály Károlyi

(redirected from Mihaly Karolyi)

Károlyi, Mihály


Born Mar. 4, 1875, in Budapest; died Mar. 18, 1955, in Paris. Count; Hungarian political figure.

Károlyi was a deputy in Parliament from 1906 to 1918. InOctober 1918 he became head of the National Council, made upof representatives of the Party of Independence and 1848, theBourgeois Radical Party, and the Social Democratic Party ofHungary. On Oct. 31, 1918, after the victory of the bourgeois-democratic revolution, Károlyi became the head of the govern-ment formed by representatives of the parties of the National Council. He was the president of the Hungarian republic fromJanuary to March 1919. He emigrated from Hungary after theproclamation of the Hungarian Soviet Republic in 1919. Whileliving abroad, Károlyi opposed the fascist regime of M. Horthy(1920–44) and took an active part in the antifascist and antiwarmovement. He headed the Movement for a Democratic Hungaryin Great Britain in 1943. Károlyi returned to Hungary in 1946and was Hungarian ambassador in Paris from 1947 to 1949. Heretired in 1949 and died in Paris in 1955. Károlyi’s remains weremoved to Budapest in 1962.

References in periodicals archive ?
including Count Mihaly Karolyi in England and Rusztem Vambery in the
best illustration of this involved Count Mihaly Karolyi. Karolyi, who
La I guerra mundial acabo con el esplendor conseguido por el reformador Istav Secheny: al acabar la contienda, Hungria se independizo de Austria y en el desorden subsiguiente el conde Mihaly Karolyi se proclamo presidente en 1918.
Also on the north side of Parliament is a statue of Mihaly Karolyi, the first president of independent Hungary for five months before he was driven into exile in 1919.
The first president of the new republic, Mihaly Karolyi, hoped to save Hungary by making concessions to the non-Hungarian nationalities (Romanians, Czechoslovaks and South Slavs), but his plans were scuppered by French and British support for Hungary's neighbours abroad and by Communist opposition at home.
The countess was the widow of the Hungarian patriot Mihaly Karolyi, whose brief presidency in 1919 had been a beacon of democratic enlightenment between authoritarian regimes.