Mihály Vörösmarty

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Vörösmarty, Mihály


Born Dec.l., 1800, in Kapolnasnyék; died Nov. 19, 1855, in Pest. Hungarian poet, playwright, and critic; exponent of Hungarian romanticism. Graduated from the departments of philosophy and law of the University of Budapest.

In 1825, Vörösmarty published the romantic patriotic narrative poem Zalán’s Flight. His play The Exiles (1830) embodied the notion of the lawfulness of an uprising against a despotic king, and the story-play Csongor and Tünde (published 1831) gave expression to the idea of the victory of life over death. Sympathy for the people (the ballad Beautiful Ilonka, 1832) and the spirit of the love of freedom (the historical drama Czillei and Hunyadi, published 1844; the poem The Call; and others) are characteristic of his writings. He welcomed the revolution of 1848 (the poem Battle Song) and was elected deputy to the revolutionary parliament. In 1849 he became a judge of the High Court of Appeals of Hungary. The poems Foreword and The Old Gypsy, written after the defeat of the revolution, when terror was prevalent, testified to Vörösmarty’s fidelity to the ideals of national liberation.


In Russian translation:
Izbrannoe. Moscow, 1956.


Klaniczai, T., J. Szauder, and M. Szabolcsi. Kratkaia istoriia ven-gerskoi literatury. [Budapest] 1962.
Horváth, J. Vörösmarty drámái. Budapest, 1969.
References in periodicals archive ?
In a nationalistic 19th century poem, Mihaly Vorosmarty used "upward-rising...
Around a monument to poet and national hero Mihaly Vorosmarty - kept warm inside a plastic bubble to stop its marble cracking in winter - were scores of stalls selling local arts, crafts and food.
In the immortal words of Mihaly Vorosmarty: "Love and loyalty to the fatherland in you, O Hungarian, ever shall remain".
What we do not learn from Szirtes -- but will guess from the poems -- is that Transylvania, Erdely, was so Hungarian in spirit for a thousand years that its inhabitants believed, "Here you have to live, to die." This dictum, written 150 years ago by the great Hungarian poet Mihaly Vorosmarty, has now been turned on its head.