Mikalojus Konstantinas Ciurlionis

Čiurlionis, Mikalojus Konstantinas


Born Sept. 10, (22), 1875, in Varėna, now in the Lithuanian SSR; died Mar. 28 (Apr. 10), 1911, in Pustelnik Miński, now in Poland. Lithuanian painter and composer.

Čiurlionis studied painting at the drawing school of J. Kauzik from 1902 to 1905 and at the Warsaw School of Fine Arts with K. Stabrauski in 1905. He studied music at the Warsaw Institute of Music and the Leipzig Conservatory. He joined the association World of Art in 1911. A proponent of symbolism, Čiurlionis based his aesthetics on the “national romance” of Lithuanian folklore, and his later works reflect his conception of music and the visual arts as being analogous.

Čiurlionis’ paintings, in which the images are abstracted and symbolic, show a distinctive use of color and a subtle silvery palette. They transport the viewer into the world of fairy tales (the triptych Fairy Tale and the series A Tale of Kings, both 1907), fantastic visions and mysticism (the series The Creation of the World, 1904–06, and the series Signs of the Zodiac, 1907), and folk notions and superstitions (the three series Spring, 1907, Winter, 1907, and Žemaite Crosses, 1909). Čiurlionis’ paintings show an affinity with his musical compositions, such as Sun Sonata (1907), Spring Sonata (1907), Sea Sonata (1908), and Star Sonata (1908). All the paintings mentioned are in the Čiurlionis Gallery in Kaunas.

Čiurlionis wrote the first Lithuanian symphonic poems, In The Forest (1900) and The Sea (1907), and chamber works, piano compositions, and adaptations of folk song.


Apie muzika ir daile, laiškai, užrašaiir straipsniai. Vilnius, 1960.


Čiurlionite, J. K. Vospominaniia o M. K. Chiurlenise. Vilnius, 1975. (Translated from Lithuanian.)
Landsbergis, V. V. Tvorchestvo Chiurlenisa, 2nd ed. Leningrad, 1975.
Venclova, A. M. K. Čiurlionis. Vilnius, 1961.
References in periodicals archive ?
HHHH Norman Perryman's sensitive, astute swirling paintings of music and musicians grace the foyers and corridors of Symphony Hall, and it was a wonderful idea for the CBSO to commission him to paint a live concerto for artist and orchestra to accompany the UK premiere of an important work by the Lithuanian composer Mikalojus Konstantinas Ciurlionis.
A very special highlight of Mirga's Baltic exploration comes on February 16, when she conducts the UK premiere of The Sea, by her Lithuanian compatriot Mikalojus Konstantinas Ciurlionis. A couple of months ago Mirga introduced his music to Birmingham with a stunning account of his tone-poem In the Forest, performed at the Royal Gala opening concert of the Royal Birmingham Conservatoire, and accompanied by back-projections of the composer's own atmospheric paintings.
This world music project, initiated by three brilliant musicians, enjoyed enthusiastic acclaim by critics and audiences alike, after its debut at the Mikalojus Konstantinas Ciurlionis International Music Festival in November 2016.
Letters to Sofija: A Lithuanian Love Affair (2013) is based on the short, tragic life of under-recognized Lithuanian artist/composer Mikalojus Konstantinas Ciurlionis (1875-1911).
Sin embargo, el pionero de este fenomeno en la pintura sera el tambien musico, el lituano Mikalojus Konstantinas Ciurlionis (1875-1911), quien desarrollara en todo un conjunto de obras alusivas, desde una perspectiva cromatica y de diseno espacial, hasta una estructura y sonido de la musica traducidas visualmente sobre el lienzo.
In the spirit of Asafjev's concept of music as an intonational art, in which composer and composition interpret the "intonational awareness of the age", I want in this text to draw attention to certain "Art Nouveau" parallels, certainly not based on direct mutual influence but nonetheless very striking, between Novak's early piano compositions, Suk's piano compositions, and the piano music written by the founder of Lithuanian national professional music, Mikalojus Konstantinas Ciurlionis (1875-1911), who is better known in the world today as a painter, but who produced an original and quite large corpus of music.
MUZA RUBACKYTE (piano; Lithuania, France, Switzerland): Robert Schumann, Mikalojus Konstantinas Ciurlionis, Sergei Prokofiev