Mikalojus Konstantinas Ciurlionis

Čiurlionis, Mikalojus Konstantinas

 

Born Sept. 10, (22), 1875, in Varėna, now in the Lithuanian SSR; died Mar. 28 (Apr. 10), 1911, in Pustelnik Miński, now in Poland. Lithuanian painter and composer.

Čiurlionis studied painting at the drawing school of J. Kauzik from 1902 to 1905 and at the Warsaw School of Fine Arts with K. Stabrauski in 1905. He studied music at the Warsaw Institute of Music and the Leipzig Conservatory. He joined the association World of Art in 1911. A proponent of symbolism, Čiurlionis based his aesthetics on the “national romance” of Lithuanian folklore, and his later works reflect his conception of music and the visual arts as being analogous.

Čiurlionis’ paintings, in which the images are abstracted and symbolic, show a distinctive use of color and a subtle silvery palette. They transport the viewer into the world of fairy tales (the triptych Fairy Tale and the series A Tale of Kings, both 1907), fantastic visions and mysticism (the series The Creation of the World, 1904–06, and the series Signs of the Zodiac, 1907), and folk notions and superstitions (the three series Spring, 1907, Winter, 1907, and Žemaite Crosses, 1909). Čiurlionis’ paintings show an affinity with his musical compositions, such as Sun Sonata (1907), Spring Sonata (1907), Sea Sonata (1908), and Star Sonata (1908). All the paintings mentioned are in the Čiurlionis Gallery in Kaunas.

Čiurlionis wrote the first Lithuanian symphonic poems, In The Forest (1900) and The Sea (1907), and chamber works, piano compositions, and adaptations of folk song.

WORKS

Apie muzika ir daile, laiškai, užrašaiir straipsniai. Vilnius, 1960.

REFERENCES

Čiurlionite, J. K. Vospominaniia o M. K. Chiurlenise. Vilnius, 1975. (Translated from Lithuanian.)
Landsbergis, V. V. Tvorchestvo Chiurlenisa, 2nd ed. Leningrad, 1975.
Venclova, A. M. K. Čiurlionis. Vilnius, 1961.
References in periodicals archive ?
In the Forest, a symphonic poem by Mirga's Lithuanian compatriot Mikalojus Konstantinas Ciurlionis, proved a gorgeously lush, sumptuously melodic, harmonically rich score, expertly imagined and worthy of consideration alongside works by other composers of the period: Wagner, Tchaikovsky, Sibelius, and even Delius.
This world music project, initiated by three brilliant musicians, enjoyed enthusiastic acclaim by critics and audiences alike, after its debut at the Mikalojus Konstantinas Ciurlionis International Music Festival in November 2016.
Letters to Sofija: A Lithuanian Love Affair (2013) is based on the short, tragic life of under-recognized Lithuanian artist/composer Mikalojus Konstantinas Ciurlionis (1875-1911).
Sin embargo, el pionero de este fenomeno en la pintura sera el tambien musico, el lituano Mikalojus Konstantinas Ciurlionis (1875-1911), quien desarrollara en todo un conjunto de obras alusivas, desde una perspectiva cromatica y de diseno espacial, hasta una estructura y sonido de la musica traducidas visualmente sobre el lienzo.
In the spirit of Asafjev's concept of music as an intonational art, in which composer and composition interpret the "intonational awareness of the age", I want in this text to draw attention to certain "Art Nouveau" parallels, certainly not based on direct mutual influence but nonetheless very striking, between Novak's early piano compositions, Suk's piano compositions, and the piano music written by the founder of Lithuanian national professional music, Mikalojus Konstantinas Ciurlionis (1875-1911), who is better known in the world today as a painter, but who produced an original and quite large corpus of music.