Mikhail Bakhtin


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Bakhtin, Mikhail Mikhailovich

 

Born Nov. 5 (17), 1895, in the city of Orel. Soviet Russian literary scholar.

In 1920, Bakhtin began his pedagogical and literary work. In his book Problems in Dostoevsky’s Works (1929) he studied the polyphonic character of the author’s artistic thought. In his book on F. Rabelais (1965), Bakhtin analyzed the essence of the comic and the grotesque, the popular “carnivalization” of art. He is also the author of articles on L. N. Tolstoy (1930) and works on the theory of literature.

WORKS

Problemy poetiki Dostoevskogo, 2nd ed. Moscow, 1963.
Tvorchestvo F. Rable i narodnaia kul’tura Srednevekov’ia i Renessansa. Moscow, 1965.
“Epos i roman.” Voprosy literatury, 1970, no. 1.

REFERENCES

Lunacharskii, A. V. “O’mnogogolosnosti’ Dostoevskogo.” In his book Stat’i o literature. Moscow, 1957.
Shubin, L. “Gumanizm Dostoevskogo i’dostoevshchina’.” Voprosy literatury, 1965, no. 1.
Pospelov,G. “Preuvelicheniia ot uvlecheniia.” Voprosy literatury, 1965, no. 1.
Pinskii, L. “Rable v novom osveshchenii.” Voprosy literatury, 1966, no. 6.
References in periodicals archive ?
Katerina Clark and Michael Holquist also cite Fedotov in their discussion of the kenotic tradition in Russian Orthodoxy, and its impact upon the thought of Bakhtin (Mikhail Bakhtin [Cambridge: Harvard Univ.
Kristeva's theories synthesized elements from such dissimilar thinkers as Jacques Lacan, Michel Foucault, and Mikhail Bakhtin. Two distinct trends characterize her writings: an early structuralist-semiotic phase and a psychoanalytic-feminist phase.
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Critical theory inspired by Mikhail Bakhtin has rapidly outpaced identification of the historical subject who lived from 1895 to 1975.
An interpretive approach, drawing on Mikhail Bakhtin's ideas of carnival, especially developed in Problems of Dostoyevsky's Poetics (1984a) and Rabelais and his World (1984b) was used to compare Bakhtin's scholarship with pretend play.
She argues that the language of divination in the Hebrew Bible is conflicted and considers the meanings of divinatory terms beyond their designated ones, to understand their polyglottic nature, using the theories of Mikhail Bakhtin, and how the woman of Endor illustrates this conflict.
That power is an idea she owes to the Russian literary theorist Mikhail Bakhtin. Prompted by the parodic aspects of the art of the Russian avant-garde--which still have not received the scholarly attention they merit--Bakhtin first highlighted the critical and emancipatory potential of the grotesque, of impersonation and carnival, in the 1930s.
Basing her analysis on Mikhail Bakhtin's notion of heteroglossia, Leighten's repoliticisation examines pre-war work by focusing on lesser-known outputs, ranging from large-scale school paintings to political cartoons to book illustrations and avant-garde abstractions, by modernists better known for their paintings.
In this sense, Fyodor Dostoevsky (1821-81) was such an ethical writer and Mikhail Bakhtin who discovered it was an ethical critic.
Die skrywer voorsien self die karnavaleske invalshoek: "Die tekste [...] is subversief ten opsigte van die maatskaplike werklikheid [...]" en ook "Om by Mikhail Bakhtin se studie oor die karnavaleske aan te sluit: kabaret word hier ondermyndende volkskarnaval." (Goosen 1995: 106).
Like Mikhail Bakhtin, Dana Sutton uses the terms "parody" and "travesty" interchangeably while dealing with the satyr play as a comic revision of the tragic trilogy preceding it.
"Bakhtin and the Russian Attitude to Laughter." Mikhail Bakhtin. Ed.