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Borodin, Mikhail Markovich
(pseudonym of M. M. Gruzenberg). Born July 9, 1884; died May 29, 1951. Soviet state and party figure. Participated in the revolutionary movement from the early 1900’s. Member of the Communist Party from 1903.
From the middle of 1904 to the end of January 1905, Borodin lived in exile in Bern. In 1905 and 1906 he worked in social democratic organizations in Riga, and in 1905 he was elected a secretary of the committee of the Riga RSDLP organization. He was a delegate to the Tammerfors Conference (1905) and to the Fourth Congress of the RSDLP (the Unity Congress, 1906). At the end of 1906, Borodin emigrated to England. From early 1907 to July 1918 he lived in the USA, where he organized a special school for political emigres and actively participated in the Socialist Party of America, the left wing of which subsequently formed the Communist Party of the USA (1919). In 1919 he was the first consul general of the Russian Soviet Federated Socialist Republic in Mexico. From 1919 to 1923 he worked in the Comintern. From 1923 until July 1927, upon the invitation of Sun Yat-sen, Borodin worked in China as chief political adviser of the Kuomintang Central Executive Committee. He was a personal friend of Sun Yat-sen. After his return from China to the USSR, he was deputy people’s commissar of labor, deputy director of Tass, and, from 1932, editor in chief of the newspaper Moscow News. From 1941 to 1949, Borodin was also editor in chief of the Soviet Information Bureau. He was awarded the Order of the Red Banner.
REFERENCESLenin, V. I. “[Pis’ma] M. M. Borodinu, 13 iiulia 1921 g. i 26 iiulia 1921 g.” In Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed., vol. 53.
Vidnye sovetskie kommunisty—uchastniki kitaiskoi revoliutsii. Moscow, 1970. Pages 22–40.