Mikhail Botvinnik

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Botvinnik, Mikhail Moiseevich


Born Aug. 4 (17), 1911, in Repino, formerly Kuokkala. Soviet chess player; doctor of technical sciences (1951). A member of the CPSU since 1940. Grand master of the USSR (1935), international grand master (1950), Honored Master of Sport (1945). World champion (1948–57, 1958–60, 1961–63).

Botvinnik is a strategic chess player and an innovator in the area of chess theory, particularly theory of opening moves. He is the author of many works on chess. He has been awarded the Order of Lenin, three other orders, and medals.


Izbrannye partii (1926–1946), 2nd ed. Moscow, 1951.
Sovetskaia shakhmatnaia shkola. Moscow, 1951.
Algoritm igry ν shakhmaty. Moscow, 1968.


Shakhmatnoe tvorchestvo Botvinnika, vols. 1–3. Moscow, 1965–68.
Shakhmatnyi slovar’. Compiled by G. M. Geiler. Moscow, 1964.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
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Mikhail Botvinnik, the first Soviet world chess champion, came to national prominence as a 13-year-old in 1925.
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Success in international competition was achieved only in the mid-1930s with the conquests of Mikhail Botvinnik. His victory at the Nottingham tournament in 1936 was celebrated on the front page of Pravda, while Botvinnik himself sent a telegram to Stalin beginning |Dear beloved teacher and leader' which he later revealed had been dictated from Moscow.
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He now becomes the oldest world champion after Mikhail Botvinnik.
Should Anand win the world title on Monday, he would at 42 become the oldest player since Mikhail Botvinnik in 1963 to be the undisputed world chess champion.