Mikhail Gorbachev


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Gorbachev, Mikhail Sergeevich

 

Born Mar. 2, 1931, in the village of Privol’noe, Krasnogvardeiskoe Raion, Stravropol’ Krai. Soviet party figure. Member of the CPSU since 1952.

The son of a peasant, Gorbachev graduated from the law department of Moscow State University in 1955. In 1967 he completed the correspondence course of the Stavropol’ Agricultural Institute. He was an assistant combine operator at a machine tractor station from 1946 to 1950. Between 1956 and 1962, Gorbachev served as first secretary of the Stavropol’ city committee of the Komsomol and second and first secretary of the krai committee. He was first secretary of the Stavropol’ city committee of the CPSU and second secretary of the krai committee from 1966 to 1970; from 1970 to 1978 he was first secretary of the krai committee.

Gorbachev became a secretary of the Central Committee of the CPSU in November 1978 and was elected a member of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1971. A candidate member of the Politbüro of the Central Committee of the CPSU in 1979, Gorbachev was elected a member of the Politbüro in 1980. He was a deputy to the eighth through tenth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR.

Gorbachev has received three Orders of Lenin, the Order of the October Revolution, two other orders, and various medals.

References in periodicals archive ?
Green Cross International, founded in 1993 by Nobel Peace Prize laureate Mikhail Gorbachev, is an independent non-profit and nongovernmental organization working to address the inter-connected global challenges of security, poverty eradication and environmental degradation through a combination of advocacy and on-the-ground projects.
The Mikhail Gorbachev Award, which is given to people who bring change to the world, will this year focus on addressing the sustainability of the world's megacities and be presented in March.
BEIRUT: Former President of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) Mikhail Gorbachev arrived in Beirut on Monday and met with Lebanon's three top officials.AaSpeaking to reporters following a meeting with President Michel Sleiman at the Baabda Palace, Gorbachev saluted the current state of stability prevailing in the country.Aa
October 7: During a visit to East Berlin, Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev indirectly urges reform; thousands demonstrate against the East German regime in the first of a series of protests that grow to rally of one million people on November 4.
1988 Mikhail Gorbachev was appointed President of the USSR.
The New York Times Syndicate (NYTS) is distributing a 900-word essay by former Soviet Union leader Mikhail Gorbachev on U.S.
1986: Nuclear weapons negotiations between Ronald Reagan and Mikhail Gorbachev opened.
Hence, when the KGB was ordered dissolved and its chairman, General Vladimir Kryuchkov, was arrested in 1991 after attempting to overthrow "liberal reformer" Mikhail Gorbachev in the failed "August Coup," many people in the West were only too willing to pop the champagne corks and start celebrating our supposed victory over the Evil Empire.
Besides footage and music of his bands, The Evaporators and Thee Goblins, it's got what the ridiculously goofy Canadian's most famous for--his ambush interviews, with people ranging from Mikhail Gorbachev to Snoop Doggy Dogg to Michael Moore to Ian Mackaye and Henry Rollins, and they're hilarious.
As VP at NBC News, he secured the first American television interview with Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev. "NBC Nightly News" anchor Tom Brokaw's unprecedented interview with the Soviet leader, "A Conversation With Mikhail Gorbachev," won Manning a George Polk Award in 1988.
Brisbane Festival 2006 is hosting a major international forum chaired by Mikhail Gorbachev and Premier Peter Beattie.
Soviet Premier Mikhail Gorbachev launches a program of economic and political reforms called perestroika (or "restructuring").