Mikhail Ivanovich Veniukov

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Veniukov, Mikhail Ivanovich


Born June 23 (July 5), 1832, in the village of Nikitinskoe, Riazan Province; died July 4 (17), 1901, in Paris. Russian geographer, traveler, and ethnographer. Major general. Graduated from the Academy of the General Staff (1856).

Veniukov traveled through the Far East (1857-59), Tien-Shan, the Pamirs, Semirech’e (1859-60), and the Caucasus (1861-63). He studied the Amur River and gave a scientific description of Lake Issyk Kul’ and the upper reaches of the Chu River; he compiled a geographic and ethnographic description of the northwestern Caucasus. He made a trip around the world in 1868; he also traveled through Japan and China (1869-71) and Turkey (1874). In 1877, Veniukov emigrated from Russia. Between 1880 and 1900 he made scientific journeys to Indochina, North Africa, South and Central America, and so on. He wrote a manual on physical geography. A pass through the Sikhote-Alin Mountains and a cape in the Kuril Islands bear his name.


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The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.