Mikhail Karnaukhov

Karnaukhov, Mikhail Mikhailovich


Born Mar 2 (14), 1892, in Orenburg; died Dec. 22, 1955, in Leningrad. Soviet metallurgist; Academician of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1953; corresponding member 1939).

Karnaukhov graduated from the Petrograd Polytechnic Institute in 1914. He began his engineering career at the Alapaevsk Metallurgical Plant. In 1920 he became an instructor—and, in 1927, a professor—of ferrous metallurgy at the Leningrad Polytechnic Institute. In 1953 he became head of the Leningrad

Laboratory of the Institute of Metallurgy of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR.

Karnaukhov’s principal works have been devoted to the study of the physicochemical bases of the open-hearth, Bessemer, and Thomas steel production processes and to the crystallization of steel ingots. He participated in the design of a number of metallurgical enterprises. Many of Karnaukhov’s ideas were the basis of process flow diagrams for the production of steel that are being used successfully in Soviet plants. He was awarded the State Prize of the USSR (1943), two Orders of Lenin, two other orders, and medals.


Metallurgiia stali, 2nd ed., parts 1–3. Leningrad-Moscow-Sverdlovsk, 1933–34.


Vestnik AN SSSR, 1954, no. 4, p. 77.
“Mikhail Mikhailovich Karnaukhov” (obituary). Stal’, 1956, no. 3.