Omel’ianovskii, Mikhail Erazmovich
Born Jan. 19 (Feb. 1), 1904, in Kiev. Soviet philosopher. Corresponding member of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1968) and academician of the Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR (1948). Member of the CPSU since 1938.
In 1931, Omel’ianovskii graduated from the Institute of the Red Professors, where he studied philosophy and natural science. From 1931 to 1944 he headed the subdepartment of dialectical materialism (Marxism-Leninism) of the Voronezh Institute of Chemical Engineering. He was senior scientific worker at the Institute of Philosophy of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR (1944–46) and director (1946–52) and head (1952–55) of the department of the philosophy of natural science of the Institute of Philosophy of the Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR. From 1955 to 1965, Omel’ianovskii served as deputy director of the department of philosophical problems in natural science of the Institute of Philosophy of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR; he has been head of the department since 1965. In 1959 he became vice-chairman of the Scientific Council on Philosophical Problems in Contemporary Natural Science under the Presidium of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR.
Omel’ianovskii studies problems of dialectical materialism and philosophical problems in natural science. His research deals primarily with philosophical problems in modern physics. Omel’ianovskii is one of the authors and the editor of a number of books in the series Dialectical Materialism and Contemporary Natural Science. He has received the Order of Lenin, two other orders, and a number of medals.
WORKSV. I. Lenin i fizika XX veka. Moscow, 1947.
“Dialekticheskii materializm—metodologicheskaia osnova sovremennoi fiziki.” In Dialektika i sovremennoe estestvoznanie. Moscow, 1970.
“Kommentarii k st. N. Bora.” In N. Bohr, Izbrannye nauchnye trudy, vol. 2. Moscow, 1971.
Dialektika v sovremennoi fizike. Moscow, 1973.
“The Problem of Elementary Particles in Quantum Physics.” In Philosophical Problems of Elementary Particle Physics. Moscow, 1968.
“La fisica d’oggi e il materialismo dialettico.” In M. E. Omelyanovsky, V. A. Fock, et al., L’interpretazione materialistica della meccanica quantistica. Milan, 1972.