Mikhail Orlov

Orlov, Mikhail Fedorovich


Born Mar. 25 (Apr. 5), 1788, in Moscow; died there Mar. 19 (31), 1842. Decembrist; major general (1814). Brother of A. F. Orlov.

Orlov fought in the campaigns of the Russian Army against Napoleon from 1805 to 1814. In 1814 he devised plans for the revolutionary transformation of Russia, the abolition of serfdom, and the introduction of constitutional government—initially a limited monarchy and then a republic. He came in close contact with members of the Union of Salvation. In 1818 he was admitted into the Union of Welfare. In 1820 he became commander of the 16th Infantry Division. He headed the Kishinev Decembrist organization, which was linked to the Southern Society of Decembrists. At the Moscow congress of the Decembrists in January 1821, he proposed a program of decisive action against the autocracy. In February 1822 he was dismissed as division commander, but the Decembrists still hoped that he would lead the impending uprising. In December 1825 he was arrested. Owing to the protection of his brother, who was close to Nikolai I, he was only dismissed from service and exiled under police supervision to his family estate. In 1831 he took up residence in Moscow, where he enjoyed considerable influence in the circles of oppositional public opinion. In 1833 he published anonymously On State Credit, the first formulation of the bourgeois theory of state credit in world literature.


Kapituliatsiia Parizha: Politick sochineniia, pis’ma. Moscow, 1863.


Pavlova, L. Ia. Dekabrist M. F. Orlov. Moscow, 1964.
Bazanov, V. G. Dekabristy v Kishineve. Kishinev, 1951.


References in periodicals archive ?
On the expectations for the end of 2018, business and trade exchange between Egypt and Russia is expected to increase by some ten billion US Dollars, predicts Mikhail Orlov, Chairman of the Russia-Egyptian Business Council under the Russian Chamber of Commerce and Industry.
The professional level and rich experience of Andrey will allow the practice to reach a new level and more effectively represent the interests of our clients, "commented Mikhail Orlov, partner and head of the tax and legal advisory department of KPMG in Russia and CIS.
Further, the chairperson of Russian-Egyptian Business Council Mikhail Orlov said that the intergovernmental agreement and agreement between the Russian Export Center (REC) and the administration of Port Said will be signed within the framework of the establishment of the Russian industrial zone in Egypt that were previously planned to be signed in autumn 2017 is postponed.
Well before the late 1820s, when the jibad against Russia started assuming major proportions, the self-defeating character of Ermolov's strategy struck Mikhail Orlov, a general who took no part in the Caucasian conquest.
Mikhail Orlov spoke about the analysis of the information openness of state authorities in the Saratov region.
Mikhail Orlov, Chairman Egyptian-Russian Business Council (ERBC)
President of the Russian-Egyptian Business Council Mikhail Orlov stated that Russian businessmen welcome the investment in the project.
Russian businessmen strongly welcome the investment in the global logistics project in Damietta, according to Mikhail Orlov, President of the Russian-Egyptian Business Council.
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