Mikhail Semenovich Khozin

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Khozin, Mikhail Semenovich


Born Oct. 10 (22), 1896, in the village of Skachikha, in what is now Umet Raion, Tambov Oblast; died Feb. 27, 1979, in Moscow. Soviet military commander; colonel general (1943). Member of the CPSU since 1918.

The son of a railroad worker, Khozin served in World War I as an ensign. He joined the Red Army in November 1918 and commanded a regiment and a brigade during the Civil War of 1918–20. Khozin graduated from the advanced courses for higher command personnel at the M. V. Frunze Military Academy in 1925 and became commander of the Leningrad Military District in December 1937.

During the Great Patriotic War of 1941–45, Khozin was appointed chief of staff of the Leningrad Front in September 1941 and commander of the Fifty-fourth Army in October of the same year. From October 1941 through June 1942 he was commander of the Leningrad Front, serving concurrently from April 1942 as commander of the Volkhov Group of Forces. Khozin also served as commander of the Thirty-third Army on the Western Front and, in 1942 and 1943, as commander of the Twentieth Army. He led a special group of forces of the Northwestern Front from January to March 1943 and was deputy commander of the Northwestern and Western fronts from March to December 1943. In 1944, Khozin assumed command of the Volga Military District. He was head of a number of military educational institutions between 1946 and 1959. In 1963 he retired.

Khozin was awarded two Orders of Lenin, four Orders of the Red Banner, the Order of Suvorov First and Second Class, the Order of the Red Star, and various medals.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.