Mikhail Timofeevich Kalashnikov

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Kalashnikov, Mikhail Timofeevich

 

Born Nov 10, 1919, in the town of Kur’ia, in present-day Altai Krai. Soviet small arms designer, doctor of technical sciences (1971). Hero of Socialist Labor (1958). Became a member of the CPSU in 1953.

After World War II, Kalashnikov developed a type of small arms used as the basis for the 1947-model submachine gun called the 7.62-mm Kalashnikov Automatic (AK), which was adopted by the Soviet Army. The 7.62-mm caliber for small arms was standardized on the basis of this weapon. The 7.62-mm modernized submachine gun (AKM), the 7.62-mm light machine gun (RPK), the 7.62-mm Kalashnikov machine gun (PK or, on a stand, PKS), and later the 7.62-mm tank machine gun (PKT) were adopted. Kalashnikov was a deputy to the fourth, seventh, and eighth convocations of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR. In 1949 he was awarded the State Prize of the USSR. He has been awarded two Orders of Lenin, two other orders, and medals.

WORKS

Bolotin, D. N. Sovetskoe strelkovoe oruzhie za 50 let. Leningrad, 1967.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
It is there that 1 have traveled eight times to visit my late friend, Mikhail Timofeevich Kalashnikov and to lecture at the technical university on the subject of wound ballistics.
Mikhail Timofeevich Kalashnikov is an impressive name for a Russian peasant who never went beyond the 9th grade.
Petersburg, Russia) The special exhibition on Mikhail Timofeevich Kalashnikov, the designer of the AK-47 automatic rifle, was both thorough and enjoyable.
It is to there that I have traveled seven times to visit my friend, Mikhail Timofeevich Kalashnikov and to lecture at the technical university on the subject of wound ballistics.
The right side of the receiver features engravings, filled with either gold or silver, as follows, from left to right: the architectural cupola used as the IZhMASh factory logo over a facsimile of Kalashnikov's signature, "AK-74" over "35 YEARS", "MIKHAIL TIMOFEEVICH KALASHNIKOV" and "90TH ANNIVERSARY NOV 10, 1919".
It is to there that I have traveled half a dozen times to visit my friend, Mikhail Timofeevich Kalashnikov and to lecture at the technical university.