Mikhail Vsevolodovich

Mikhail Vsevolodovich

 

Born 1179; died Sept 20, 1246. Prince of ancient Rus’; son of Grand Prince Vsevolod Sviatoslavich Chermnyi of Kiev and Chernigov.

In 1223, Mikhail Vsevolodovich took part in the battle against the Tatars on the Kalka River. In this conflict his uncle, Vladimir Sviatoslavich, died, after which the throne of Chernigov passed to him. In 1225 and 1229, Mikhail Vsevolodovich was prince of Novgorod. With assistance from the boyars of the Bolokhovo land, a territory bordering Galich, and from King Bela IV of Hungary, Mikhail Vsevolodovich succeeded in taking possession of Galich. He occupied Kiev a number of times in the 1230’s. In 1238 he became grand prince of Kiev and transferred rule over Galich to his son Rostislav. In 1239 he ordered the death of Tatar emissaries sent to Kiev for negotiations. Subsequently, he fled to Hungary, hoping to find refuge there. All his Russian possessions were seized by other princes, who divided them among themselves.

In 1241, Mikhail Vsevolodovich returned to his homeland. In 1246 he arrived at the headquarters of Batu, hoping to receive the patent to the Chernigov land. However, he was killed by the Tatars when he refused to carry out the pagan rites of passing through purifying fire. This served as the basis for his canonization by the Russian church. However, the real reason for his execution could have been the murder seven years earlier by his order of the Tatar emissaries.

REFERENCES

Ocherki istorii SSSR: Period feodalizma IX–XV vv., part 1. Moscow, 1953.

O. M. RAPOV

References in periodicals archive ?
On 20 September 1246, Mikhail Vsevolodovich, the prince of Chernigov (Chernihiv), and his boyar Fedor were killed in the Horde by the order of Batu Khan.
The Galician-Volhynian Chronicle assigned unfavorable general characteristics to Prince Mikhail Vsevolodovich, and these have shaped views of him for centuries.
On the eve of the Mongolian invasion into Rus' its strongest princes, Daniel Romanovich of Galicia and Mikhail Vsevolodovich of Chernigov, had been fighting each other for power over Kiev and Halych.
It is highly probable that the robbery of the train of the Rus' prince Mikhail Vsevolodovich and the murder of his granddaughter were committed by the German citizens of Neumarkt/ Sroda and subsequently reimagined as the killing of a Tatar princess.
It is significant that Mikhail Vsevolodovich delayed his journey to the Horde as long as possible.
It seems highly unlikely that Mikhail Vsevolodovich traveled to the Horde to sacrifice himself for his faith.