Mikis Theodorakis


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Theodorakis, Mikis

 

Born July 29, 1925, on the island of Khios. Greek composer and prominent social and political figure. Member of Greece’s Resistance Movement.

In 1948 and 1949, Theodorakis was imprisoned in a concentration camp on the island of Makronesos. In 1950 he graduated from the Athens Conservatory, where he had studied composition under P. Economidis. From 1953 to 1959 he attended the Paris Conservatory, studying musical analysis with O. Messiaen and conducting with E. Bigot. In 1959 he returned to Greece. Between 1964 and 1967, Theodorakis served in parliament as a member of the Union of the Democratic Left. Imprisoned shortly after the military coup in 1967, he was released in 1968 in response to world public opinion. In 1969, however, he was arrested again and sent to the concentration camp at Oropos, near Athens. In 1970 he was permitted to go to France, where he resumed his musical activities. He returned to Greece in 1974.

Theodorakis has composed symphonies, chamber works, songs, and dances, including several syrtaki dances. Among his works are the musical revue and song cycle The Angels’ Quarter; the ballet scores Orpheus and Eurydice, Antigone, and Les Amants de Teruel; the musical tragedy and song cycle The Ballad of the Dead Brother; and a musical score for Sophocles’ tragedy Oedipus Tyrannus. He has also written music for several films. His vocal compositions include the song cycles Epitaphios, written in memory of those who were killed during the antifascist demonstrations, and Romiossini, as well as the oratorio Axion Esti, a work about the Greek struggle for liberation from fascist occupation. Theodorakis has performed on tour in the USSR.

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References in periodicals archive ?
El recital culmino con la presentacion de "Los Libertadores", del "Canto General" de Pablo Neruda, en la conocida musicalizacion de Mikis Theodorakis.
WHO links such unlikely musical bedfellows as Ena Sharples, Lennox Berkeley, Nadia Boulanger and Mikis Theodorakis of Zorba the Greek fame?
When renowned ``Zorba'' composer Mikis Theodorakis described Jews as the root of evil at a book-signing ceremony heavily covered by the Greek media, Culture Minister Evangelos Venizelos and Education Minister Petros Efthymiou stood beside him, smiling.
Anyhow, I remember going to see Zorba the Greek and, inspired by the music of Mikis Theodorakis, I changed my first name immediately.
Israel has complained to the Greek government about comments by composer Mikis Theodorakis who called Jews ``the root of evil'' and dismissed key Biblical figures as mere ``shadows,''a diplomatic source said.
We 2 Mikis Theodorakis / A Homage to Yiannis Ritsos
I hope the youth begin to hate everything American," declares Mikis Theodorakis, the country's leading cultural icon and composer of the Zorba theme, whom Greece nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize last year.
The music of Mikis Theodorakis, known best for the music in Zorba the Greek, was once banned in Greece as a threat to the government.
It is very clear who the victims and who the victimisers are," said composer Mikis Theodorakis, who wrote the music for the film Zorba the Greek.
In the 1950s O Epitaphios, set to music by Mikis Theodorakis, became the anthem of the Greek left.
The journalist turned to music in 1963 and over his career as a lyricist he wrote around 1,200 songs and worked with nearly all of the well-known musicians, composers and singers of his generation including Mikis Theodorakis, Stavros Xarhakos, Manos Loizos, Stavros Koujioumtzis, Mimis Plessas, Christos Nikolopoulos, Stelios Kazantzidis, Grigoris Bithikotsis, George Dalaras, Marinella and Viki Mosholiou.
Entre sus militantes y simpatizantes cuentan con elementos valiosos de todos los ambitos, incluida, desde luego, la clase obrera, en primer lugar, y asimismo personalidades destacadas de la cultura y el arte, como el Premio Nobel portugues, Jose Saramago, y el mundialmente famoso compositor musical griego, Mikis Theodorakis.