Mi'kmaq

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Mi'kmaq

or

Micmac,

Native North Americans whose language belongs to the Algonquian branch of the Algonquian-Wakashan linguistic stock (see Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
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). They inhabit Nova Scotia, Cape Breton Island, Prince Edward Island, Newfoundland, New Brunswick, Massachusetts, and Maine. French missionaries came into contact with them in the early 17th cent., and the Mi'kmaqs were allies of the French throughout the history of New France. Contact with Europeans did not have the usual effect of tribal disintegration, and the Mi'kmaqs still thrive, though their culture has changed radically. Many are Roman Catholics. The Mi'kmaqs are expert canoeists, and, although their economy once centered on fishing and hunting, they now derive their income primarily from agriculture. In 1990 there were over 15,000 Mi'kmaq in Canada. Another 2,700 Mi'kmaq live in the United States, the only federally recognized band being the Aroostook in Maine.

Bibliography

See W. D. and R. S. Wallis, The Micmac Indians of Eastern Canada (1955); J. F. Pratson, Land of the Four Directions (1970).

References in periodicals archive ?
From this perspective, the first Acadians approached the Mikmaq as fellow permanent inhabitants rather than a populace to be removed and supplanted.
The report calls for the federal government and Mikmaq leaders to negotiate outside of a courtroom and come up with a solution.
They show the government's intent at that time was to bring other Mikmaq communities under the Indian Act.
The agreement referred to was the Canada-Newfoundland Native Peoples Agreement, a special arrangement for the province of Newfoundland only that provided special federal programs outside the Indian Act for the Mikmaq people.
Sheppard wants the federal government to return to the bargaining table and make an effort to reach a deal with the 4,500 Mikmaq people now living in Newfoundland.
John Hucker, the secretary general of the Canadian Human Rights Commission, said the report specifically stayed out of the legal realms so it could focus on the human rights aspects of the Mikmaq people.
He pointed out that having the law on their side didn't do the Crees any good and he predicted similar problems for the Mikmaqs.
So here, if the government of Canada can't find the political will to do its Constitutional duty, the Newfoundland Mikmaqs will have no choice but to spend 15 to 20 years in our courts hoping for justice.
In order to prevent further degradation, concerned community members and the Metepenagiag Mikmaq Nation took the lead on consultations with local stakeholders and the federal and provincial regulatory authorities to propose a restoration project for this portion of the river.
The project will also help protect significant Mikmaq heritage resources throughout the floodplain surrounding the river.
The Honourable Wayne Easter, Member of Parliament for Malpeque, on behalf of the Honourable Navdeep Bains, Minister of Innovation, Science and Economic Development and Minister responsible for the Atlantic Canada Opportunities Agency (ACOA), and the Honourable Heath MacDonald, Minister of Economic Development and Tourism, today announced government investments for MCPEI to establish an Indigenous cultural space at the Cavendish Visitor Information Centre (VIC) to support the growth of Mikmaq entrepreneurs and contribute to the Indigenous tourism sector.