Miles Coverdale


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Coverdale, Miles,

1488–1569, b. Yorkshire. English translator of the BibleBible
[Gr.,=the books], term used since the 4th cent. to denote the Christian Scriptures and later, by extension, those of various religious traditions. This article discusses the nature of religious scripture generally and the Christian Scriptures specifically, as well as the
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, educated at Cambridge. Coverdale was ordained (1514) and entered the house of Augustinian friars at Cambridge. After developing an appreciation of Martin Luther he became an advocate of ecclesiastical reform. Forced (1528) to reside abroad for his preaching against confession and images, he worked with William TyndaleTyndale, Tindal, or Tindale, William
, c.1494–1536, English biblical translator (see Bible) and Protestant martyr. He was probably ordained shortly before entering (c.
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 and later published (1535) the first English translation of the entire Bible, probably largely with the aid of the VulgateVulgate
[Lat. Vulgata editio=common edition], most ancient extant version of the whole Christian Bible. Its name derives from a 13th-century reference to it as the "editio vulgata." The official Latin version of the Roman Catholic Church, it was prepared c.A.D.
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, Tyndale's Pentateuch and New Testament, and German versions emanating from Luther and the translators at Zürich. He collaborated on the Great Bible (1539) and edited Cranmer's Bible (1540). With the passage of the anti-Reformation Six Articles, Coverdale again fled to the continent, returning in 1547 after the death of Henry VIII. He enjoyed high favor under Edward VI, serving as bishop of Exeter from 1551 to 1553. On Mary's accession he lost his bishopric and left England. He returned after Elizabeth's succession, and became widely known for his eloquent sermons and addresses. He was rector of St. Magnus, London Bridge, from 1563 to 1566, but resigned when Archbishop Parker sought to enforce the Act of Uniformity, with which Coverdale was dissatisfied.

Bibliography

See his writings and letters, ed. by G. Pearson (2 vol., 1844–46).

References in periodicals archive ?
If the radical nature of Hawthorne's work lies, in part, in his insistence on rendering male figures the object of multiple gazes, Hawthorne's 1852 novel The Blithedale Romance poses a theoretical dilemma, since its protagonist, the cynical poet Miles Coverdale, clearly wields the gaze: one might even say his chief agenda is eluding the gaze of others by gazing at them first.
Tyndale's martyrdom left to Miles Coverdale the work of seeing a complete English Bible (with the Apocrypha) through the press.
Besides Tyndale and Whittingham, Westbrook also investigates texts by Miles Coverdale, George Joye, John Rogers, Richard Taverner, and Edmund Becke.
Indeed, judging by the lack of consensus the book continues to elicit regarding what, if anything, may be said to account of Miles Coverdale's decision to select the Blithedale community as the subject for his narrative, it is clear that the narrator's revelation about himself at the story's end--"I--I myself--was in love--with--PRISCILLA!" (247)--marks the first, and too often last, moment when most readers even consider the possibility that this may have been the chief animating impulse behind that decision all along.
With publisher John Day taking on an active role in the typological and paratextual presentation and printing production of the book, and collaborators such as Miles Coverdale and Henry Bull carefully editing (and at times shading) the materials and documents that originated, for example, with the martyrs under Mary, "Foxe's [own] part in the enterprise," writes Collinson, "is almost reduced to that of an editor (albeit a highly proactive editor) who went to great pains to obtain and verify his materials" (13).
There is also the pre-Schumann appearance of a variant form of the melody in an English publication: Miles Coverdale's Goostly Psalmes and Spirituall Songes (London, Ca.
1535: Miles Coverdale's English translation of the Bible published: Miles Coverdale was born on January 20, 1569.
The Psalms were especially ubiquitous, being read and sung aloud in Miles Coverdale's translation and in many metrical reworkings, but the prophetic writings show equally wrenching shifts between praise and accusation, pride and abjection, psychological subtlety and raw violence.
On the side of a vernacular Bible were those like William Tyndale and Miles Coverdale, who felt that the Roman clergy hindered the layperson's religious experience.
Cromwell, the new viceregent, took the matter up, and soon selected Miles Coverdale, a Cambridge scholar who had joined Tyndale in exile, as the person to see the work through.
As the character Miles Coverdale leaves behind the "false and cruel principles" of the world and begins life at Blithedale, he imagines life together as "something that shall have the notes of wild-birds twittering through it, or a strain like the wind-anthems in the woods." The group goes downhill from there, slowly unraveling in mutual disappointment and ungrace as the dark side of each communal member emerges.
Miles Coverdale ranks twentieth among the most frequently quoted authors in the Oxford English Dictionary, whose editors took over 5,000 illustrative quotations from his 1535 translation of the Bible.(1) Despite his greater importance as a translator, William Tyndale is less fully represented in OED.