Military Commissariat

Military Commissariat


a body of local military administration in the USSR in charge of troop mobilization and of registration and draft work. There are military commissariats in the Union republics that are not divided into oblasts; they are also in autonomous republics, krais, oblasts, national okrugs, cities, and raions. They are military institutions of the Ministry of Defense of the USSR and simultaneously are entitled to fulfill the functions of departments of corresponding councils of ministers of Union and autonomous republics and of executive committees of krai, oblast, city, and raion Soviets of working people’s deputies. The main tasks of military commissariats are preparing and carrying out troop mobilization, compiling and keeping records of human and national-economic resources, preparing young people for military service, organizing the summoning of citizens into active military service and reserve training periods (assemblies), and implementing other defense measures. The work of the military commissariats is directed by the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the USSR and the commanders of the military districts in the area where the commissariat is located.

Military commissariats were established by the decree of the Sovnarkom (Council of People’s Commissars) of Apr. 8, 1918. Originally, after the abolition of the old bodies of local military administration on Jan. 25, 1918, registration of reservists and mobilization were carried out by military departments of the local Soviets. The military commissariats that were set up were composed of two commissars on military affairs, one of whom was appointed military commissar (of the volost’ [small rural district], district, province, or okrug), and the other, military leader. The creation of the military commissariats along with universal military training of the working masses was the necessary condition for trans-forming the Red Army from a volunteer army into a regular mass army recruited on the basis of compulsory military ser-vice of the working people. The military commissariats carried out a major task in manning and forming the armed forces.

The Party placed experienced Party officials at the heads of the important military commissariats, M. V. Frunze serving in Ivanovo-Voznesensk and then Yaroslavl Province, Em. laroslavskii in Moscow, N. A. Anisimov in the Northern Caucasus Okrug, S. A. Anuchin in the Urals, K. A. Avksent’evskii in Volgoda Province, and P. A. Pavlov in Kiev Province. The first military commissars also included I. S. Konev, K. A. Meretskov, and F. I. Tolbukhin. Evaluating the work of the military commissariats, V. I. Lenin said in June 1920: “We have a huge military machine. Without military commissariats we would not have a Red Army” (Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed., vol. 41, p. 148). The military commissariat played a major role in mobilizing human and material resources and raising armies in the Great Patriotic War (1941-45).


Lenin, V. I. Poln. sobr. soch., 5th ed., vol. 41, p. 148.
Dekrety Sovetskoi vlasti, vol. 2. Moscow, 1959. Pages 63-70, 287-88.
Kliatskin, S. M. Na zashchite Oktiabria. Moscow, 1965.
Molodtsygin, M. “Sozdanie mestnykh organov voennogo upravleniia.” Voenno-istoricheskii zhurnal, 1968, no. 5.


References in periodicals archive ?
Evidence collected by the military investigation department of the Investigative Committee of the Russian Federation for the Novocherkassk garrison was recognized by the court as sufficient to convict the former therapist of the department of preparation and conscription of citizens for the military service of the Military Commissariat of the Rostov Region in Belaya Kalitva, Belokalitvinsky and Tatsinsky districts, Alexander Vysotskov.
When I grew up, I went to the military commissariat, was told that he was in the lists of missing persons.
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Prequalification are invited for for a general project organization for the development of the project, including estimates for the project "Overhaul of the building with elements of the modernization of the military commissariat Krichevsky district on the street.
The Ombudsman offered several recommendations, including establishment of the military commissariat, increased responsibility of heads of government agencies, regular meetings of leaders of two sides, improvement of staff policy, seizure of illegally possessed weapon, etc.
Request for quotations: production and supply of calendars for the needs of the treasury of the federal institution military commissariat of the sverdlovsk region in 2016.
Request for quotations: manufacturing and delivery of brochures for the needs of the treasury of the federal institution military commissariat of the sverdlovsk region in 2016.
Request for quotations: Rendering Services For Training On Labor Protection And Examination Of Knowledge Of Labor Protection Requirements Of The Federal State Institution Employees Military Commissariat Of The Sverdlovsk Region
Request for proposal:provision of aviation services in passenger traffic for the needs of the Military Commissariat of the Krasnoyarsk Territory

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