Military Crimes

Crimes, Military

 

in the USSR, crimes against the established way of performing military service, committed by servicemen or by reservists during training. The military crimes envisioned by the 1958 Law on Criminal Liability for Military Crimes are divided into the following groups: (1) crimes against the chain of command and military honor, including insubordination, failure to carry out an order, insult of a superior by his subordinate or of a subordinate by his superior, and threatening a superior; (2) crimes against the regulations for performing military service, such as unauthorized leave, desertion, or evasion of military service by forging documents; (3) divulging military or state secrets or losing documents containing military secrets; (4) crimes committed in an official capacity; (5) crimes against the regulations for performing military service in a combat situation and in the area of military operations, for example, unauthorized departure from a unit in a combat situation, looting, and surrendering or abandoning matériel to the enemy; and (6) crimes against the conventions of war. Under the 1958 law, persons who are covered by special provisions in Soviet law (for example, the officers, sergeants, and enlisted personnel of state security agencies) are also responsible for crimes against their established service regulations. Other persons can only be accomplices to military crimes.

Military crimes must be distinguished from military disciplinary infractions. Although such infractions formally have the characteristics of military crimes, they do not contain a special social danger. Depending on the type and degree of social danger of the military crime, the law prescribes punishment in the form of deprivation of freedom or assignment to a disciplinary battalion.

References in periodicals archive ?
(25) As Francisco Cumplido, Chile's first minister of justice after the end of the Pinochet regime, declared early in the Aylwin administration, "military courts should only deal with military crimes committed by members of the military in active service" (quoted in Bickford, 1998: 4).
for homicide, arson, kidnapping, as well as for treason and grave military crimes," writes historian Patrick Timmons in the April Texas Observer.
"As long as military crimes against civilians are tried in military courts, and as long as the only recourse for human rights cases is the National Human Rights Commission, which is a toothless entity, then the chances for justice will be slim," said Craig Adair of the San Francisco-based human rights organization Global Exchange.
Another court is reviewing the case of naturalized Peruvian citizen Baruch Ivcher, who lost his citizenship and his television station after it aired programs revealing military crimes and details of Montesino's personal bank account.
When the novel was finally published in 1987, the fragile Argentine democracy was still nervous about the military crimes against political prisoners.
Other government officials who have tried to investigate military crimes committed during the junta's rule have been the victims of death threats, bombings and attempted kidnapping.
The Military Justice Improvement Act would put the decision to pursue these serious crimes in the hands of trained and professional military prosecutors, and ensure that survivors of sexual assault are not victimized again when they report military crimes. This legislation takes a critical step towards changing the culture surrounding sexual assault and harassment, and I urge my colleagues to support and pass this measure.
He referred to the US military crimes in Hiroshima and Nagasaki as example of unending US militarism, and said, "During the final stage of World War II, the United States detonated two nuclear weapons over the Japanese cities of Hiroshima and Nagasaki on August 6 and 9, 1945, respectively."
Will US judges who support the anti-Islamic Trump ideology be trusted to liver justice for the Arab nations against the US military crimes in the region?
Military courts are responsible for military crimes and common law crimes committed by the military."
Another draft law proposing that cases of torture or inhuman treatment should not be considered military crimes and must be handled by the Public Prosecution and ordinary courts has also been referred to parliament.
But then a question is logically raised of who the perpetrators of the military crimes and crimes against humanity are in the cases NLA Leadership, Mavrovo Workers, Neprosteno Mass Grave and Lipkovo Dam.