Military District


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Military District

 

in the USSR, a territorial combined arms command of units of various sizes, military educational institutions, and various local military institutions. The chief of a military district is the commander of the troops of the district, who is subordinate to the minister of defense. The division of the territory of a state into military districts ensures efficiency in the control of troops, in operational, combat, and political training, and in the implementation of measures toward the preparation of the country for defense. Military districts were instituted in Russia in 1862-64.

In the USSR the first six military districts (Yaroslavl, Moscow, Orel, Beloe Sea, Ural, and Volga) were formed in March 1918 during the Civil War (1918-20) in connection with the need for training large unit reserves for the active fronts. The number of military districts has been changing in accordance with the defense missions of the Soviet Union and with the development of the USSR armed forces. For instance, before the Great Patriotic War (1941-45) there were 16 military districts and one front; after the war (after 1945) there were 33 military districts; by October 1946 their number was reduced to 21. The commander of the troops implements military measures within his military district with the help of the district headquarters, the political directorate, and other district directorates and sections. Military districts exist also in several other socialist countries, such as the German Democratic Republic and the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, and in several capitalist countries, such as the USA, France, Argentina, and Belgium.

References in periodicals archive ?
Russia's Varyag guided-missile cruiser has passed the Suez Canal and entered the Mediterranean Sea as part of its mission, the press service of the Russian Eastern Military District said Sunday, Sputnik reported.
The bombers will be based in the western military district air base in Voronezh, the company said.
Electronic auction: provision of services for the removal of solid municipal waste from the territory of the rf defense ministry housing stock for the needs of the branch of the federal security service of the russian federation for the south caucasus military district in 2018 (krasnodar territory, republic of adygea)
TEHRAN (FNA)- Russia's Mi-8AMTSh "Terminator" armored assault helicopters are being fitted with radio-electronic warfare technology, making them immune to enemy missiles, an Eastern Military District spokesman told reporters on Monday.
MOSKOVA (CyHAN)- A motorized rifle brigade deployed in Orenburg region has been put on high alert for combat readiness inspection Wednesday, the Central Military District said.
The 201st Russian Military Base in Tajikistan has received a Grad multiple rocket launcher system, Russian media sources reported referring to the press service of the Central Military District.
23, 2011, SPA -- A soldier of active service from a unit of the Yekaterinburg Air Force and Air Defence formation of the Central Military District died on January 21 of flu A/H1N1 (California) at the Chelyabinsk regional hospital.
On December 8, the military district said that seven of Russia's advanced Mi-24 Hind attack helicopters and Mi-8MT Hip transport helicopters had been deployed to the Erebuni base.
MOSKOVA (CyHAN)- More than 20 ships from the Russian Baltic Fleet are conducting defense drills, the press service of Russia's Western Military District announced in a Wednesday statement.
Minister of Defense of Kyrgyzstan Tlaibek Omuraliev met with the delegation of the People's Liberation Army of China headed by Political Commissar of the Xinjiang Military District Liu Lei on November 28, the press service of the Ministry reported.
MOSKOVA (CyHAN)- A military exercise with anti-air defense troops has begun in Russia's Eastern Military District in the Republic of Buryatia, Eastern Military District press head Col.
Russian paratroopers of the 31st separate air assault wing took part in the anti-terrorist exercises of the Central Military District at the Russian military air base Kant located in Kyrgyzstan, according to the Ministry of Defense of the Russian Federation.

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