Military District


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Military District

 

in the USSR, a territorial combined arms command of units of various sizes, military educational institutions, and various local military institutions. The chief of a military district is the commander of the troops of the district, who is subordinate to the minister of defense. The division of the territory of a state into military districts ensures efficiency in the control of troops, in operational, combat, and political training, and in the implementation of measures toward the preparation of the country for defense. Military districts were instituted in Russia in 1862-64.

In the USSR the first six military districts (Yaroslavl, Moscow, Orel, Beloe Sea, Ural, and Volga) were formed in March 1918 during the Civil War (1918-20) in connection with the need for training large unit reserves for the active fronts. The number of military districts has been changing in accordance with the defense missions of the Soviet Union and with the development of the USSR armed forces. For instance, before the Great Patriotic War (1941-45) there were 16 military districts and one front; after the war (after 1945) there were 33 military districts; by October 1946 their number was reduced to 21. The commander of the troops implements military measures within his military district with the help of the district headquarters, the political directorate, and other district directorates and sections. Military districts exist also in several other socialist countries, such as the German Democratic Republic and the Czechoslovak Socialist Republic, and in several capitalist countries, such as the USA, France, Argentina, and Belgium.

References in periodicals archive ?
Two groups opposed each other, on the one hand, the troops of the Central Military District and the Northern Fleet, on the other hand, formations and units of the Eastern Military District and the Pacific Fleet.
The Russian Federation Armed Forces will be represented by approximately 1000 troops of the 5th Army, Marines and Ships of Pacific Fleet and aircraft from Eastern Military District.
Other powerful tribes followed suit Monday within the First Military District, announcing after a vast gathering that they supported Hadi and the Saudi-led military operation, in a move which likely encouraged the commander's decision.
Army Military District of Washington will conduct Twilight Tattoos each Wednesday, from May 7 to June 28 at 7:30 p.m.
And the acts required approval of the new "military district" constitutions by Congress, passage of the lingering 14th Amendment by the new Southern "governments," and cooperation by the Southern people in all these processes.
Sriyanto Muntrasan, then North Jakarta Military District commander and current commander of the army's special force unit, and retired Maj.
Roger Nadeau, Military District of Washington North (Areas north of the Potomac River)
Once again, she and SGM Stephen Spadaro, ADAA's Military District Trustee, ask that state and local components and individual members help to flood the folks in uniform with holiday greetings by sending your greetings care of:
He will work at the military district hospital unit at Peterborough before aero-medical training at RAF Lyneham.
Kazakhstan inherited large amounts of military hardware, ammunition, and a significant weapons industry but few coherent staff organizations to manage it since much had been run from Moscow or the headquarters of the Turkestan Military District in Uzbekistan.
Boucht deals specifically with the Vaasa military district, for which the Major Edvin Holmberg was appointed to establish what could be termed guerrilla troops.
The applications are reportedly 50 more than last year, with twice as many applications in the Kymmene military district and there were also increases in the Helsinki, Uusimaa, Middle Finland, Mikkeli, Vaasa, Oulu and Lapland military districts.

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