Military Tribune

Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus, Wikipedia.
Related to Military Tribune: praetor, Prætor, Tribunus militum
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Tribune, Military


(Latin, tribunus militum), in ancient Rome, one who held a position of command in the army, for example, the commander of a legionary detachment or one of the commanders of an entire legion. In 444 B.C. the post of military tribune with consular authority was introduced for plebeians with a view toward excluding them from the consulship. It was abolished after 367 B.C., when, in accordance with a law proposed by the tribunes of the people Gaius Licinius Stolo and Lucius Sextius Lateranus, one of the consuls would be chosen from among the plebeians.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
Lebensjahres (Vienna 1985) 529-46; 'Praefecti classis, orae maritimae and ripae', JRGZ 35 (1988): 299-313; 'The relationship between holding office in a municipium or colonia and the militia equestris in the early Principate', Athenaeum 84 (1996) 157-81; 'Early imperial "praefecti castrorum"', Historia 45 (1996) 244-52; 'Military tribunes in the Roman military and administrative system in the pre-Flavian period', in Atti, XI Congresso internazionale di epigrafia greca et latina, Roma, 18-24 settembre 1997 (Rome 1999) 297-314; 'Problems in the nomenclature of the personnel and the question of marines in the Roman fleets', BICS 52 (2009) 123-32.
However, it seems a strong possibility that these tribunes were not military tribunes at all, but tribuni et notarii, members of the emperor's personal corps of stenographers, the schola notariorum, who also bore this rank.(15) They often served the emperors as their personal messengers also, particularly in ecclesiastical or diplomatic affairs.

Full browser ?