Military Geography


Also found in: Dictionary, Wikipedia.

Geography, Military

 

the study of current military-political, military-economic, and physical-geographic conditions and the analysis of the operational organization of possible land and sea theaters of military actions and of particular strategic regions and countries, as well as of the influence of these factors on preparation for and conduct of military actions.

Military-political and military-economic conditions include the military blocs and alliances and their political directions, the primary centers of political tension, the foreign and domestic policy of states, political parties, the population and its political condition and morale, mobilization and labor resources, the economic condition and military-economic potential of particular countries and coalitions of states, the primary power and industrial centers of strategic and operational importance and their vulnerability, the degree of dependence of production on the import of strategic materials, and the possibilities for use of local resources (food, building materials, and means of transportation) and repair of combat equipment and weapons on the spot.

Physical-geographic conditions are investigated in order to learn their influence on the concentration, movement, and deployment of troops and on maneuverability; to determine possibilities for creating floods, destruction, and fires; and to establish the defense of directions and regions most advantageous for use by combat arms and equipment. During study of the operational organization of a territory (missile sites, airfields, navy bases, ports, fortifications, various obstacles, lines of communication, storage areas), the possibilities of stationing large units of the various armed services and the conditions for their logistic supply are determined. The armed forces of other countries are studied from the point of view of determining size, structure, technical equipment, principles of army composition, and the morale and fighting qualities of the personnel.

As a military discipline military geography includes general principles and the military geography of particular countries and theaters of military actions. Sea and ocean theaters are studied by naval geography, which investigates the conditions indicated above in the interest of using naval forces and means.

M. F. SHIROKOV

References in periodicals archive ?
Her research interests concern more-than-human geographies, critical military geography and embodied experiences of conflict with a focus on deceptive desert warfare in the Second World War.
Collins, Military Geography for Military Professionals and the Public (Washington, D.
Indeed, one of the above-referenced articles posits a FARP operation at Amari Air Base in Estonia, which is worth examining in light of the realities of military geography and the capabilities of opposing forces in a NATO-Russia conflict in the Baltic region.
As Colonel Kirby implored, "the study of military geography must become as much a part of our professional development as tactical support, engineering design, and project management.
The main message of his provocative chapter, that "the military geography of the region is changing" (p.
He said that the model will be used in several courses within the GIS program, as well as military history and military geography courses at the USMA.
This decision will create legal basis to expand Ukrainian-Turkish cooperation in the defense industry, including mutually beneficial exchange of analog and digital cartographic materials, implementation of joint projects for the creation of geographic information products, technical support and exchange of experience in the field of military geography, training experts in the field of military geography.
The purpose of the research project is the purchase of technical equipment for Military Geography and Hydrometeorology Office Dobruka and the Military Geographical Institute, Prague 6, and security system supplies the Ministry of Defence geographic and polygraphic products.
The contract is for the supply of spare parts for UL communications equipment, reconnaissance and military geography in the number and range defined by the Employer, divided into 12 tasks.
Contract award: delivery of spare parts for communications equipment, computer science, diagnosis ec, ul and military geography.
Contract notice: Delivery of spare parts for communications equipment, computer science, diagnosis ec, ul and military geography.
This volume license form the basis of technological lines created and used in the Military Geography and Hydrometeorology Office for the exercise of surveying activities necessary for national defense.

Full browser ?