Milliarium

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Milliarium

 

(1) A measure of distance in ancient Rome equal to 1,000 double Roman steps; the same as the Roman mile (1.4835 km).

(2) Stone pillars placed, on the instructions of the Roman tribune Gaius Gracchus (153–121 B.C.), at intervals of one mile on roads leading from Rome toward the provinces. Carved on each milliarium were the road’s end points, the distance to each, and the builder’s name. At that point in the Forum from which the count was reckoned, the emperor Augustus (63 B.C.–14 A.D.) ordered that a gilded column—the “gold milliarium”—be placed. During the fourth century in Constantinople Constantine the Great erected a gold milliarium and ordinary milliaria on roads leading from it.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.

milliarium

A column placed at intervals of one Roman mile (equivalent to 0.92 mile or 1.48 km) along a Roman road to indicate distance.
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.
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