Miller, Joaquin

Miller, Joaquin

(wäkēn`), pseud. of

Cincinnatus Heine (or Hiner) Miller,

1839?–1913, American poet, b. Liberty, Ind. In 1852 his family moved to frontier Oregon. He lived in gold-mining camps, later with Native Americans, and was in turn an express rider, an editor, and an Oregon judge. His first two volumes of poems, Specimens (1868) and Joaquin et al. (1869), contained energetic, rhetorical celebrations of frontier life. They brought him only local acclaim, but in England, where he went next, his colorful personality, his dramatic Western costume, and his Songs of the Sierra (1871) made him famous as a frontier poet. See his autobiography (1898; ed. by S. G. Firman, 1930).
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Miller, Joaquin (b. Cincinnatus Hiner [or Heine] Miller)

(1839–1913) poet, writer; born in Liberty, Ind. He moved to Oregon (1850) and drifted around mining camps in northern California before he became a lawyer (1861). He practiced law (1863–66), and was a judge (1866–70), by which time his poetry was gaining him some reputation. He moved to London (1870–71), then traveled for many years before settling in California (1887). Most of his plays, novels, and poetry drew on themes of the American West and his reputation as a serious poet did not long survive.
The Cambridge Dictionary of American Biography, by John S. Bowman. Copyright © Cambridge University Press 1995. Reproduced with permission.