Contribution of condensed tannins and mimosine
to the methane mitigation caused by feeding Leucaena leucocephala.
Effects of Leucaena leucocephala (Lamk.) Shoot Tips Plus Young Leaf Extract Containing Mimosine
on Reproductive System of Male Rats
Degradation of mimosine
in Leucaena leucocephala de Wit by goal rumen microorganisms.
The reduction of mimosine
content in Leucaena leucocephala (petai belalang) leaves using ethyl methanesulphonate (EMS).
leucocephala phytochemical profile, there are in its composition compounds as mimosine
(b-[N-(3-hydroxy-4-oxopyridyl)]--a-aminopropionic acid), and gallic acids, protocatechuic, p-hydroxybenzoic, p-hydroxyphenylacetic, vanillic, ferulic, caffeic and p-coumaric acids (Chou & Kuo, 1986; Aderogba, McGaw, Bezabih, & Abegaz, 2010; Hassan, Tawfik, & Abou-Setta, 2014).
Phytochemical studies had revealed the presence of alkaloids such as mimosine
, crocetin, tubulin, turgorines, flavonoids, tannin, and sitisine.
Many drugs were used to cause cell cycle arrest: a) thymidine, aphidicolin, mimosine
, hydroxyurea, and 5-fluorodeoxyuridine were used to cause cell cycle arrest in the S phase; b) N-acetylleucyl-leucyl-norleucinal (ALLN), nocodazole, colchicine and colcemide in mitosis; and c) lovastatin and Hoechst 768159 in G1 phase (methods reviewed by Uzbekov, (28)).
Considering diet composition, future studies should consider monitoring the presence of Synergistes jonesii, a bacteria capable of degrading 3,4 dihydroxypyridine (3,4 DHP), a degradation product of the non-protein amino acid mimosine
present in different leucaena species and resulting from the adaptation to leucaena intake (Hammond, 1995).
Optimisation of conditions for the degradation of mimosine
in Leucaena leucocephala leaf.
This is due to the presence of mimosine
which are toxic and can be extracted about 90% through soaking in freshwater .
is the allelochemical that is released from this tree .