Minangkabau


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Minangkabau

 

a people inhabiting western and central Sumatra and a number of other regions in Indonesia and in Malaysia. In 1973 their number was estimated at more than 4 million. The language of the Minangkabau, which is similar to Indonesian, belongs to the Malayo-Polynesian language family. The Minangkabau are Muslims. Many of the peoples of Sumatra are racially related to the Minangkabau. An early feudal principality existed among the Minangkabau in the 13th century. In the first half of the 19th century, the Minangkabau resisted the Dutch conquest. Their chief occupation is wet rice cultivation and, since the early 20th century, the raising of industrial crops, such as rubber. Livestock breeding and handicrafts are also important. Capitalist relations are well developed, although communal living and many features of the matrilineal clan system have survived. The Minangkabau play an active role in the political and cultural life of Indonesia.

REFERENCES

Narody Iugo-Vostochnoi Azii. Moscow, 1966. (Bibliography.)

IU. V. MARETIN

References in periodicals archive ?
In its discussion of the importance of communist propaganda in Minangkabau, the book presently under review constitutes an important contribution by the young West Sumatran historian Fikrul Hanif Sufyan.
The 2018 Minangkabau art and culture festival featuring variety of Minangkabau - one of Indonesia's ethnics - arts and culture that is held in Tanah Datar regency from November 28 - December 2 to boost both economy and tourism.
The Minangkabau are the largest ethnic group on Indonesia's island of Sumatra.
Minister of Transportation Budi Karya Sumadi said that with the operation of Minangkabau Express Airport train is expected to increase public access to reliable, safe, convenient and affordable rail transportation services.
Se traslado a Yakarta en 1949, lejos de su patria, Minangkabau, y construyo sus papeles de liderazgo en la Muhammadiyah modernista y en el partido politico islamista Masjumi.
"Wahhabism: Padri Movement in Minangkabau to the Islamic Defender Organization in Indonesia." Journal of Arts, Science and Commerce, vol.
For accounts of different variations of kinship found among Malay-speaking peoples throughout Sumatra see: Besemah and Guinai in the highlands of South Sumatra (Collins 1979; Sakai 1999); Redjang of South Sumatra (Jaspan 1964); Petalangan of Riau (Rang 2002); Minangkabau in West Sumatra (Thomas 1977); and Aech in North Sumatra (Bowen 1984).
Opportunity for a little "social comment" is also missed in "What's in a name" and "More good names," which identify modern Bruneian residences of the grander type--owned by royalty or nobility and top government Ministers of recent vintage--without once breathing the word "auspicious "to explain the predominance of Arabic names; or names recalling Brunei mythical heroes; or a precious stone (even where in one such case the roof design of the house is bogus Minangkabau: cf on p 61 the photograph of the residence of the Sultan's brother, Foreign Minister Prince Mohamed, Istana Hijau Baiduri--"Palace of the Green Opal").
These are the Batak in North Sumatra, the Dayak in Kalimantan, the Ambonese in the Moluccas, the Javanese, the Sundanese, the Balinese, the Acehnese, and the Minangkabau, each with a different language.
Mes propres recherches chez les Minangkabau vont egalement dans ce sens (pour un exemple, voir Pak 2007).
Gongs and Pop Songs: Sounding Minangkabau in Indonesia
Three people on the plane operated by budget carrier Citilink were lighty injured in the incident at Minangkabau International Airport on Sunday night, airline spokesman Benny Butar Butar said.