Minangkabau

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Minangkabau

 

a people inhabiting western and central Sumatra and a number of other regions in Indonesia and in Malaysia. In 1973 their number was estimated at more than 4 million. The language of the Minangkabau, which is similar to Indonesian, belongs to the Malayo-Polynesian language family. The Minangkabau are Muslims. Many of the peoples of Sumatra are racially related to the Minangkabau. An early feudal principality existed among the Minangkabau in the 13th century. In the first half of the 19th century, the Minangkabau resisted the Dutch conquest. Their chief occupation is wet rice cultivation and, since the early 20th century, the raising of industrial crops, such as rubber. Livestock breeding and handicrafts are also important. Capitalist relations are well developed, although communal living and many features of the matrilineal clan system have survived. The Minangkabau play an active role in the political and cultural life of Indonesia.

REFERENCES

Narody Iugo-Vostochnoi Azii. Moscow, 1966. (Bibliography.)

IU. V. MARETIN

References in periodicals archive ?
Tumon masks are generally painted yellow, red, and black, the "national" colors of the Minang. This is in contrast to other Dayak groups who generally use red, black, and white colors.
Music is played on a set of seven small gongs, similar to those used by the Minang, while Kalimantan Dayaks use a gong set consisting of only six gongs.
They speak what appears to be an archaic version of today's Minang language.
Adityawarman and Perpatih: Genealogy of the Minang prince Adityawarman
Minang women are known for being resolute and forceful, owing to their matriarchal power within traditional Minang society, which fits the personality of Gayatri.
He moved on to Tanah Datar and also founded a monument there to show that he, the uncle of the great Hayam Wuruk, had come as the great new ruler of the Minang. The Minang welcomed him with mixed feelings.
Some ornaments resemble rather well those applied to the walls of traditional Minangkabau houses or to ritually used Minang cloth.
In Minang language, bukong means 'to cover or to disguise the face,' and korah means 'monkey' (in Minang, karo, Z).
I know his grave which is close to the town of Solok in the Minang area, West Sumatra.