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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



(Mindovg). Died in 1263. Grand prince of Lithuania from the late 1230’s until 1263.

Mindaugas united under his rule a number of Lithuanian principalities, including Aukštaitija and Žemaitija, and gained control of the Russian cities of Novgorodok, Slonim, and Volkovysk. In 1244 he launched a campaign against the Livonian Order on the land of the Curonians and Zemgalians. The Livonian Order allied itself with Mindaugas’ enemies among the Lithuanian feudal lords and defeated him. Mindaugas agreed to a compromise with the order in 1250, adopted Catholicism in 1251 and was crowned with the pope’s blessing; nevertheless, he readied himself for a new clash with the order. Around 1253 he concluded a treaty with the Galician prince Daniil, giving his daughter in marriage to Daniil’s son Shvarn; Mindaugas also restored and strengthened his ties with the grand prince of Vladimir and Suzdal, Alexander Nevsky. In 1260 a Lithuanian army defeated the joint forces of the Livonian and Teutonic orders and their allies near Lake Durbe. Mindaugas renounced Catholicism. He was murdered as the result of a conspiracy among the feudal aristocracy.


Pashuto, V. T. Obrazovanie Litovskogo gosudarstva. Moscow, 1959.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
On July 6, Lithuania commemorates the coronation of Mindaugas as the first and only king of Lithuania in 1253.
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PAT FENLON says he'll continue to work hard during the transfer window to bring new players to Easter Road but has ruled out moves for former Bohemians winger Mindaugas Kalonas or Celtic defender Andre Blackman.
Lithuanian Mindaugas Krisciunas inspired a 27-4 run in their favour in the last seven minutes of the game, with Bucci and John Ford collecting 14 points apiece, and Ryon Dixon's three-point shot sealed an emphatic 33-point victory.
She leaves her husband of 70 years, Klemensas Lietuvninkas, two daughters, Dana Hayes and her husband James of Westborough and Genevieve Naras and her husband Bruno of Shrewsbury; seven grandchildren, Thomas Naras, Edmund Naras, Dianna Chiott, Ruth Steeves, James Hayes, Raymond and Mindaugas and seven great-grandchildren.
Meanwhile, Albion will not be pursuing their interest in Lithuanian trialist Mindaugas Kalonas.
The midfielder was up against Mindaugas Kalonas and the Lithuanian No.10 threatened early on with a volley that ended just wide.
Second team: Goal - Joe Watkins (Guildford)' defence - Kyle Horne (Slough), Mindaugas Kieras (Milton Keynes)' forwards - Jozef Kohut (Guildford), Milos Melicherik (Guildford), Marek Hornak (Swindon).
His surge into the box was ended by Mindaugas Baguzis's outstretched leg and Danish referee Knud Fisker pointed to the spot.