Minelayer

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Minelayer

 

a warship with the mission of laying minefields near one’s own bases, ports, bays, and shores for defensive purposes, as well as near the shores and on the communication lines of the enemy to inflict losses on him. The forerunners of the modern minelayers were the mine depot ships Bug andDunai, which were built in Russia in the late 19th century upon the initiative of Admiral S. O. Makarov.

Minelayers may be surface vessels or submarines. Surface minelayers are divided into sea and river types; they may be either ships especially built to lay mines or reequipped civilian transport ships. As a rule they carry out their mission under the cover of other warships of the fleet, coastal artillery batteries, and fighter aviation. Minelayers are armed with artillery, mainly antiaircraft artillery, special equipment, and devices for the loading, storage, preparation, and laying of a large number of different types of modern mines. The water displacement of minelayers is between 300 and 8,000 tons, and their speed is between 10 and 20 knots (18 to 37 km/hr). A submarine minelayer is either a conventional large submarine or a partially reequipped one. It is used mainly to lay mines near enemy coastlines. Mines are laid by torpedo tubes and, on specially equipped ships, with mine pipes or shafts. The first attempt to build a submarine minelayer was undertaken by M. P. Naletov in 1904; the first submarine minelayer, the Krab, was built according to his plans in 1912 and commissioned in 1915.

References in periodicals archive ?
The remainder of the NT$917,770,000 Navy budget for minelayers will be allocated to purchasing new mines developed by the Chungshan Institute of Science and Technology.
* Although the aging Ming-class (Type 035) submarines are based on old technology and are much less capable than its newer submarines, China may decide that they have value as minelayers or as "bait" decoy submarines that can draw out enemy submarines (such as American SSNs), which can then be attacked by other Chinese naval forces.
As part of the Navy's defense proposal, it is also seeking NT$917.77 million for the construction of four naval minelayers to deter enemy ships, the official said.
My list shows that many vessels in this category were built in the 1938 to 1939 period prior to my arrival and were already in active service as Minesweepers and Minelayers or Destroyers like HMS Kelly with their own stories to tell.
TABLE 1 ROKN STRENGTH IN 1951 (MAJOR COMBATANTS) PF 2 U.S.-built, 1,500 tons PC 4 U.S.-built, 1,300 tons AMS 13 U.S.-built, 300 tons, wooden coastal minesweeper JML 10 Details unknown, minelayers of the Imperial Japanese Navy LSSL 2 U.S.-built, 230 tons Others Japanese-left gunboats (22), former Japanese coastal patrol crafts (8), (8), self-propelled oil barges, tug-boats, and various service craft Source: All numerical data in the charts in this article are from the lane's Fighting Ships of each year.
As for MCM ships, the navy introduced a minelayer, Wonsan, and several Yangyang-class MSCs/MHCs, together with Swallow-class MHCs.
The best MCM is to interdict the minelayers before the weapons can be put in the water.
Contact John: 01217222844, j_parkes1@sky.com; FAST MINELAYERS ASSN, NORTHERN SECTION: Contact Jim Calcraft 01562 67822; FEDERATION OF B'HAM EX-SERVICE ASSN: Meets first Sat of month at 11am at Menzies Strathallan Hotel, 225 Hagley Road, B16 9RY.
In 1955 Nasser had acquired two more modern Soviet-built Skori-class destroyers, as well as four armed minelayers and twenty motor torpedo boats (MTBs).
Ian Reid 01827 251533; FAST MINELAYERS ASSN, NORTHERN SECTION: Contact Jim Calcraft 01562 67822; FEDERATION OF B'HAM EX-SERVICE ASSN: Meets first Sat of month at 11am at Jury's Inn, Broad St.
Ian Reid 01827 251533; FAST MINELAYERS ASSN, NORTHERN SECTION: Contact Jim Calcraft 01562 67822; FEDERATION OF B'HAM EX.SERVICE ASSN: Meets first Sat of month at 11am at Jury's Inn, Broad St.
In early October, the Finnish navy received the fully refitted minelayer Pansio.