Minitel


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Minitel

An online service of France Telecom that was used to look up phone numbers, pay bills, purchase merchandise and chat. Starting in 1979, the text-based terminals were freely distributed, and access to the services, known as the Teletel network, was based on telephone time and service provider fees. Because it was advanced for its time and simple to use, Minitel became widespread and thousands of services were offered. Even after the Web, Minitel survived with more than 15 million users at the turn of the century. New services were added, but it was officially closed in 2012. See videotex.
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In Minitel: Welcome to the Internet, authors Julien Mailland and Kevin Driscoll introduce the Minitel platform to an English-speaking, scholarly audience.
A French equivalent of the system Teletel/Minitel, received substantial public backing when millions of Minitel terminals were handed out free to telephone subscribers, and only finally closed down in June 2012.
Durante la decada de 1980 fue muy popular en Francia como Minitel (Dvorak, Anis, & Feibel, 1992), y llego a Canada y Brasil (Minitel, 2007).
There were rival online services such as US-based CompuServe and France's Minitel but they involved fees, while Berners-Lee's system was free.
En efecto, el fax, el minitel e Internet han multiplicado las posibilidades de transferencia de fondos.
Why are its high-tech innovations - the TGV fast trains, the Airbuses and proto-internet of Minitel - now fond but distant memories of the Mitterrand years?
Indeed, in most cases such a development was hardly considered: the important focus was on specific-purpose network technologies that might advance or build on existing technologies, such as British Telecom's Prestel and Telecom France's Minitel (see Carey and Elton, 2009 for many other examples).
La creation de communaute est aussi ancienne que les bulletin board systems (BBS), le Minitel ou l'Internet.
(15) El concepto "brecha digital" comienza a utilizarse a finales de la decada de los 70, cuando se inicia el proyecto Minitel en Francia, proyecto que pretendia ofrecer directorios telefonicos electronicos.
It would be like the Minitel that French people enjoyed for a while: great in the early 80s, but wholly inadequate and limited in the 21st century.
Tout d'abord, les nouveautes (les six derniers mois de la production phonographique) sont consultables sur la base LEDA par Minitel a partir de 1985.
Cuando aparecieron las redes telematicas anteriores a Internet, es decir los videotext (Ibertext, Ibercom, Minitel) y los Bolletin Board System (BBS), fueron aprovechados por iniciativas pioneras de educacion a distancia, disenandose entornos muy parecidos a los actuales.