basilica

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basilica

(bəsĭl`ĭkə), large building erected by the Romans for transacting business and disposing of legal matters. Rectangular in form with a roofed hall, the building usually contained an interior colonnade, with an apse at one end or at each end. The central aisle tended to be wide and was higher than the flanking aisles, so that light could penetrate through the clerestory windows. The oldest known basilica was built in Rome in 184 B.C. by the elder Cato. Other early examples are the Basilica Porcia in Rome and one at Pompeii (late 2d cent. B.C.). Probably the most splendid Roman basilica is the one constructed during the reign of Maxentius and finished by Constantine after 313. In the 4th cent. Christians began to build edifices for worship that were related to the form of the basilicas. These had a center nave with one aisle at each side and an apse at one end: on this platform sat the bishop and priests. Basilicas of this type were built not only in Western Europe but in Greece, Syria, Egypt, and Palestine. A good example of the Middle Eastern basilica is the Church of the Nativity at Bethlehem (6th cent.). The finest basilicas in Rome were St. John Lateran and St. Paul's-outside-the-Walls (4th cent.), and San Clemente (6th cent.). Gradually there emerged the massive Romanesque churches, which still retained the fundamental plan of the basilica.

Basilica

A Roman hall of justice with a high central space lit by a clerestory with a timbered gable roof. It became the form of the early Christian church, with a semicircular apse at the end preceded by a vestibule and atrium.

Basilica

 

(Greek: Basiliká), last codification of Byzantine law, completed in A.D. 890 during the reign of Emperor Leo VI (the Wise), and consisting of 60 books.

The Basilica is based on Justinian’s code of laws. Nevertheless, certain of the code’s regulations that were outmoded or abolished were not included in the Basilica. Moreover, in the Basilica each legal institution is examined in only one place and not in various books, as was the case with Justinian’s code of laws. In drawing up the Basilica, the Procheiron was also utilized, and in the latest copies of the Basilica excerpts are cited from the works of Byzantine jurists of the 11th and 12th centuries. In its class orientation the Basilica reflected the process of peasant oppression. Serfdom was again legalized, and restrictions were removed on the enlargement of private landholdings.

REFERENCE

Basilicorum libri LX, vols. 1-6, edited by C. G. E. Heimbach; vol. 7, edited by E. G. Terrini and J. Mercati. Leipzig, 1833-97.

Z. M. CHERNILOVSKII

basilica

basilica: Typical plan. A, D, apse; B, B’, secondary apse; C, high altar; D, bishop’s throne; G, transept; H, nave; J, J’, aisles
1. A Roman hall of justice, typically with a high central space lit by a clerestory and lower aisles all around it, and with apses or exedrae for the seats of the judges.
2. The form of the early Christian church, a central high nave with clerestory, lower aisles along the sides only,

basilica

1. a Roman building, used for public administration, having a large rectangular central nave with an aisle on each side and an apse at the end
2. a rectangular early Christian or medieval church, usually having a nave with clerestories, two or four aisles, one or more vaulted apses, and a timber roof
3. a Roman Catholic church having special ceremonial rights
References in periodicals archive ?
Father Douglas Badong, parochial vicar of the Minor Basilica of the Nazarene, said that since the ropes used in past traslacion are just being kept at Quiapo Church, he decided to place the strands in small plastics and give it to those who ask for it.
We want to give them the opportunity to get near the Black Nazarene to say their prayer or wish," Monsignor Hernando "Ding" Coronel, rector of the Minor Basilica of the Black Nazarene or Quiapo Church, said in an interview.
For years, the traslacion has been attracting mostly barefoot devotees who risk injury or even death, jostling their way through crushing walls of flesh, just to touch the Nazarene image as it is paraded down a winding route from Quirino Grandstand back to its home, the minor basilica in Quiapo.
The image of black Nazarene is currently enshrined in the Minor Basilica of the Black Nazarene popularly known as Quiapo Church.
Millions of devotees of the Nuestro Padre Jesus Nazareno pledge to participate in the annual procession, which starts from the Quirino Grandstand and ends in the Minor Basilica of the Black Nazarene or Quiapo Church; and sometimes lasts even up to 24 hours.
The Traslacion procession recalls the transfer of the Black Nazarene image from the Recollect Church in Intramuros, Manila to the Minor Basilica of the Black Nazarene in 1787.
Romel Ansay, parish priest of Minor Basilica of St.
The Minor Basilica of the Black Nazarene, also known as the Quiapo Church or the Saint John the Baptist Parish in Quiapo,Manila is all set for the grand Traslacion of the revered Black Nazarene on January 9.
Mass at the Minor Basilica of Our Lady of the Rosary of Manaoag in Pangasinan when their jeepney collided with the Partas bus driven by Sadac.
TAYABAS CITY, Quezon - A still unidentified thief, who was about to run off with a local church's donation box, was shot dead by a security guard early Tuesday morning at the Tayabas City Minor Basilica - St.
An exhibit of miniature 'belen' (scenes of the Nativity) and 'nino dormido' (sleeping child Jesus) is attracting pilgrims to the Minor Basilica of Our Lady of the Rosary of Manaoag museum here.
The nine-day novena masses in honor of Nuestro Padre Jesus Nazareno, more popularly known as the Black Nazarene, started Sunday, December 31, and will be on-going at the Minor Basilica of the Black Nazarene (Quiapo Church) in Manila until January 8, Monday, as a prelude to the grand Traslacion procession on January 9.