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common name for members of the Nyctaginaceae, a family of plants found in warm climates, especially in the Americas, chiefly as herbs but often in the tropics as shrubs or trees. Species native to the United States are mostly restricted to the southern and Pacific regions, e.g., the sand verbena of the deserts. The four-o'clock, or marvel of Peru (genus Mirabilis), of tropical Asia and America and the woody bougainvilleabougainvillea
or bougainvillaea
[for L. A. de Bougainville], any plant of the genus Bougainvillea of the family Nyctaginaceae (four-o'clock family); chiefly tropical American woody vines with showy petallike bracts, usually in shades of brilliant red or purple.
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 vine with its showy bracts are widely cultivated as garden ornamentals in suitable climates and in greenhouses. Some members of the family are of minor importance medicinally. Four-o'clocks are classified in the division MagnoliophytaMagnoliophyta
, division of the plant kingdom consisting of those organisms commonly called the flowering plants, or angiosperms. The angiosperms have leaves, stems, and roots, and vascular, or conducting, tissue (xylem and phloem).
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, class Magnoliopsida, order Caryophyllales, family Nyctaginaceae.
References in periodicals archive ?
Luo, "New rotenoids from roots of Mirabilis jalapa," Helvetica Chimica Acta, vol.
Veer, "In vivo evaluation of cutaneous wound healing activity of Mirabilis jalapa L radix," Oriental Pharmacy and Experimental Medicine, vol.
Singh, "Antimicrobial and free radical scavenging activities of crude extract and fractions from the tuberous root of Mirabilis jalapa L," South Asian Journal of Experimental Biology, vol.
Begum, "Constituents of Mirabilis jalapa" Fitoterapia, vol.
Especies invasoras historicas detectadas: Agave americana, Anredera cordifolia, Aptenia cordifolia, Argemone mexicana, Cardiospermum grandiflorum, Carpobrotus edulis, Lantana camara, Mirabilis jalapa, Nicotiana glauca, Opuntia dillenii, Opuntia maxima, Pelargonium inquinans, Pennisetum setaceum, Ricinus communis, Tropaeolum majus.
Otras 10 se encuentran ampliamente naturalizadas: Acacia cyanophylla, Anthirrinum majus, Argemone mexicana, Crassula lycopodioides, Lantana camara, Mirabilis jalapa, Pelargonium inquinans, Populus alba, Senecio mikanioides y Wigandia caracassana.