mystery play(redirected from Miracle, mystery, and morality plays)
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mystery play:see miracle playmiracle play
or mystery play,
form of medieval drama that came from dramatization of the liturgy of the Roman Catholic Church. It developed from the 10th to the 16th cent., reaching its height in the 15th cent.
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a genre of Western European religious theater of the late Middle Ages (14th to 16th centuries). Mystery plays were most highly developed in France. They were based on biblical stories and written by priests, learned theologians, physicians, and jurists. Religious scenes alternated with comic everyday episodes. Presentations, which generally took place in the public square, were organized by town authorities and artisans’ guilds to coincide with town celebrations, usually days when fairs were held. Although they were supervised by aristocratic and church circles, mystery plays were a form of popular art in which piety constantly clashed with blasphemy, and religious mysticism with the realities of everyday life, which were introduced into the plays by the performers, most of whom were local amateurs.
Among the most vivid examples of the genre are Arnoul Greban’s Mystery of the Passion (mid-15th century) and the Mystery of the Siege of Orleans (presented after 1429). As the realistic and comic elements in the plays became stronger, clerical and secular authorities attacked the mystery plays, and in the 16th century the presentation of the plays was prohibited.
In the 19th century and the first half of the 20th, mystery plays were periodically presented in Oberammergau, Germany, and in Paris in front of the Cathedral of Notre Dame. The play Story of the Glorious Resurrection by Mikolaj of Wilkowieck (1962, People’s Theater, Warsaw) is distinguished by its ironic interpretation of medieval mystery plays.
Mystery plays developed in Iran in the tenth century, where they became part of the religious shahsey-vahsey procession. The taziyeh, a form of Persian tragedy, is derived from the mystery play.
REFERENCEIstoriia zapadnoevropeiskogo teatra, vol. 1. Moscow, 1956.
Mystery Play (Elche)
The mystery play is performed from a raised platform in the sanctuary of the Church of La Merced. It is considered by many to be one of Spain's greatest religious dramatic survivals, and it is believed to date back to the early 13th century.
Valencia Tourist Office
Communitat Valenciana, Aptdo. de Correos 48
Burjassot, 46100 Spain
34-902-123-212; fax: 34-902-220-211
FestEur-1961, p. 141
FestWestEur-1958, p. 203
SpanFiestas-1968, p. 164
Mystery Play (Tibet)
It is performed on the last day of the year in the courtyards of Buddhist temples or monasteries and continues for two days. A group of priests in black miters is confronted by one group of demons after another, which they manage to exorcize. On the second day, a dough effigy representing the enemies of Tibet and Lamaism is dismembered and disemboweled. Pieces of the effigy are thrown to the audience, who eat them or keep them to use as talismans. The play is followed by a burnt offering and a procession.
See also Losar
Office of Tibet
Tibet House, 1 Culworth St.
London, NW8 7AF United Kingdom
44-20-7722-5378; fax: 44-20-7722-0362
DictFolkMyth-1984, p. 777 (c)