Miroslav Krleza

Krleža, Miroslav

 

Born July 7, 1893, in Zagreb. Croatian writer; vice-president of the Yugoslav Academy of Science and Art (since 1945). Graduated from the military academy in Budapest. First published in 1914.

The drama of the Croatian people, forced to fight for foreign interests, is portrayed in Krleza’s early works—the collections Poems (1918–19) and Lyric Poems (1919), the collections of short stories The Croatian God Mars (1922) and A Thousand and One Deaths (1933), and the plays Galicia (1922; second version, In The Camp, 1934) and Vudjak (1923)—which are mainly associated with the theme of World War I (in which he served in the Austro-Hungarian Army). A presentiment of revolutionary changes and the ripening protest of the people is particularly clearly expressed in his journalistic career and his dramas Christopher Columbus (1918) and Golgotha (1922).

In this period Krleza’s artistic principles were close to expressionism. His understanding of the revolutionary upheavals connected with the Great October Socialist Revolution in Russia sharpened his social sensitivity and made him critical of avantgarde excesses. In the late 1920’s and the 1930’s, Krleza created realistic works of keen social awareness (In Agony, 1928; The Glembaj Family, 1928; and Leda, 1932), which formed the widely known dramatic trilogy The Glembaj Family, reflecting the contradictions in Croatian bourgeois society. The novels The Return of Filip Latinovic (1932) and At the Edge of Reason (1938) contain harsh criticism of capitalism and of its morality and culture. The Ballads ofPetrica Kerempuh (1936), which can be traced to folklore, records the national protest against tyranny. The lampoon-novel Banquet in Blitva (books 1–2, 1938–39; book 3, 1962) was one of the first major antifascist works in Croatian literature.

After Yugoslavia’s liberation from fascist occupation, Krleža began to appear in print as a journalist. He is publishing a multivolume epic novel, The Banners (vols. 1–5, 1963–68; still incomplete), whose plan is to reveal the social, political, and spiritual biography of several generations of Croats. Krleza is the director of the Institute of Lexicography and editor in chief of the Encyclopedia of Yugoslavia.

WORKS

Sabrana djela, vols. 1–26—. Zagreb, 1953–69—.
In Russian translation:
Izbrannoe. [Afterword by M. Bogdanov.] Moscow, 1958.
Stikhi. [Foreword by B. Slutskii.] Moscow, 1967.
Vozvrashchenie Filippa Latinovicha. [Foreword by B. L. Suchkov.] Moscow, 1969.

REFERENCES

Bogdanović, M. O Krleži. Belgrade, 1956.
Gligorič, V. U vihoru. Belgrade, 1962. Pages 204–368.

N. B. IAKOVLEVA

References in periodicals archive ?
Among his topics are disciplining the wild(wo)men: Borisav Stankovic's not wannabe bride and Janko Polic Kamov's wannabe artist, a rebellion on the knees: Miroslav Krleza and the Croatian narrative of dispossession, and the dis/location of solitude: the dispossession of the paternal protection in Joseph Roth's The Radetzky March and Radomir Konstantinovic's Decartes' Death.
Synopsis: Miroslav Krleza (7 July 1893-29 December 1981) was a leading Croatian writer and a prominent figure in cultural and literary life of the Yugoslavian states.
Then, Professor Stampar suggested Miroslav Krleza to appoint Professor Sercer Editor-in-Chief of Medical Encyclopedia, the first volume of which appeared in 1957, followed by ten volumes until 1965.
Chapters typically focus on select works by individual filmmakers and writers, including Alenka Mirkovic, Vladimir Arsenijevic, Milcho Manchevski, Ivo Andric, Jurica Pavicic, Ante Tomic, Vinko Bresan, Maja Weiss, Miroslav Krleza, and Aleksandar Hemon.
Miroslav Krleza, On the Edge of Reason (New Directions, 1995)
Scripts from the international canon (Tartuffe, The Maids, Cabaret) go head-to-head with writing by such Slovene playwrights as Miroslav Krleza and Ivo Svetina.
I recall only vaguely the novelists Borisav Stankovic and Miroslav Krleza, and enthusiastic readings in the lyric poets: Ilic, Ducic, Rakic, and Santic.
(1987):Tenzometrija (Tenzometry), Tehnicka enciklopedija 12, Leksikografskog zavoda "Miroslav Krleza", 688-690 Table 1.
Harbors Rich in Ships: The Selected Revolutionary Writings of Miroslav Krleza, Radical Luminary of Modern World Literature
Among the topics are the role of metaphor in shaping cultural stereotypes as demonstrated by French public discourse on European Union enlargement, the construction of Serbian and Montenegrin identities through layout and photographs of leading politicians in official newspapers, and Miroslav Krleza's two Europes versus the notion of Europe's edge.
Well, at least in the books about Zagreb that strive to confirm the ironic thought of the great Croatian bard Miroslav Krleza that Central Europe begins on the terrace of the Esplanade Hotel; I'm at home in Belgrade, whose head resides in cosmopolitan heights thanks to the poets Vasko Popa and Milos Cmjanski, and the writers Danilo Kis and David Albahari, while its legs are entrenched under the swinging lamp of a brawly Balkan tavern!
Next came Povratak Filipa Latinovicza ("The Return of Philip Latinovicz") by the Croatian author Miroslav Krleza (1893-1981), and a book by the Serbian writer Milos Crnjanski (1893-1977), Romano Londonu ("A Novel About London").