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(pseudonym of Hiraoka Kimitake).
Born Jan. 14, 1925, in Tokyo; died there, Nov. 26, 1970. Japanese writer. Son of a high-ranking civil servant.
The main characters in most of Mishima’s novels are physically or psychologically crippled; they are attracted by blood, horror, cruelty, or perverted sex, as in Confessions of a Mask (1949) and The Temple of the Golden Pavilion (1956). In his novel Beautiful Star (1962), Mishima wishes for the destruction of earthly civilization. Mishima’s novels have often become best-sellers, and many have been made into films. An ideologist of the far right, Mishima called for the revival of ultrapatriotic traditions (“The Voice of the Hero Spirits,” 1967); in his play My Friend Hitler ( 1968), he preached fascist ideas. During a failed attempt at a military coup in 1970, Mishima committed suicide.
WORKSMishima Yukio senshu, 19 vols. Tokyo, 1957–59.
REFERENCEIstoriia sovremennoi iaponskoi literatury. Moscow, 1961.