Missing Person

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The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Missing Person


in law, a citizen whose prolonged absence from his place of permanent residence has been established in a legal process. According to Soviet law, a citizen is declared missing upon the application of an interested party if within one year there is no information at the permanent residence about the whereabouts of the citizen in question. The court rules that a person is missing after it is established that, despite all measures adopted, the missing person’s whereabouts remain unknown.

The declaration of a citizen as missing entails definite legal consequences:(1) A trusteeship is established over the missing person’s property; moreover, this property is used to support those citizens the missing person was obligated to support by law and to pay debts on some of his other obligations. (2) Members of a missing person’s family who are unable to work and who are his dependents acquire the right to a state pension on the ground of loss of the family provider.

If a citizen who is declared missing appears at his permanent residence or if his whereabouts are discovered, the court sets aside the decision declaring the person missing. In consequence, the trusteeship established over his property is abolished and his dependents’ right to a pension on the grounds of loss of the provider is revoked (see arts. 252–257 of the RSFSR Code of Civil Procedure).

If the whereabouts of a citizen remain unknown for three years, the citizen may be declared dead. Cases on declaring a citizen missing are heard by the court with the mandatory participation of the prosecutor.


The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
A total number of 6277 cases were received by the Missing Persons Commission up to July, 2019.
In Bosnia and Herzegovina, more than 70 percent of those who were missing at the end of the conflict have been accounted for, the highest rate of missing persons case resolution in any post-conflict society anywhere in the world - but many people are still missing.
The protesters who were led by Sindhu Aman Chandio, deputy convener the Voice for Missing Persons Forum, demanded justice for their relatives as they chanted slogans in support of the missing persons, said a press release.
He said the government in collaboration with security institutions was trying to take the issue of missing persons to its logical conclusion.
Missing persons commission heard 15 cases on day 1, 17 cases on day 2, 16 cases on day 3, 15 cases on day 4, 8 cases on day 5, 14 cases on day 6, 16 cases on day 7 and 15 cases on day 8.
All Patrol Vehicles, Blue Colts, Beat Officers, investigation officers are provided with the photographs of the missing persons using technology for a thorough search and tracking in all localities throughout the state.
The bench remarked: ''We tried our best on daily basis that missing citizens return their home.'' However, the bench sought a report from Inspector General of Police (IGP) Sindh and Director General Rangers on other pleas of missing persons until 22 August.
Secretary Missing Persons commission Farid Ahmed has released the monthly report of missing persons which says during March 2019, 62 more cases received by Missing Person Commission and the total numbers of cases reached 5915 mark.
Mr Langove while talking to the families of missing persons Maher, Gul Marri and Zafrullah at his office on Wednesday, said that 28 people missing since long had returned to their homes with the efforts of the government, proving its commitment.
Justice Javed Iqbal, President of missing persons national commission and other Honorable members of the missing person commission not only give personal hearing to each family of missing persons but also tried their utmost for earliest recovery of missing persons.
The Voice for Baloch Missing Persons (VBMP) on Wednesday announced the temporary suspension of its nearly 10-year-old protest camp after the Balochistan government's promises to recover the missing persons in the province.
KARACHI -- The Sindh High Court on Thursday has ordered a joint investigation team (JIT) to recover all missing persons by January 24.