The church and monastery architecture of the Spanish religious orders in Mexico and California in the 18th century.
Illustrated Dictionary of Architecture Copyright © 2012, 2002, 1998 by The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. All rights reserved
Baroque or the Churrigueresque style. Mission architecture usually exhibits many of the following characteristics: thick, massive walls of adobe brick, laid with lime mortar where available, commonly with wall buttresses to provide additional stability; adobe wall surfaces usually coated with lime-and-sand stucco to reduce the effects of erosion; tamped earth floors, commonly decorated with square tile, arcaded walkways with arches usually built around the patios; commonly, multicurved gables, a belfry, bell tower, or twin bell towers; a flat roof or a low-pitched roof with shaped parapets, usually supported by round logs; thatched or tile roofs; grilles covering windows facing the street; a massive wood door at the main entrance, sometimes heavily carved or paneled, often set in an elaborately sculptured portal. Compare with Mission Revival; also see Spanish Colonial architecture.Church and monastic architecture of Spanish religious orders, especially in the Americas in the 18th century, displaying considerable regional variation as a result of influences of skills of local laborers and the availability of construction materials; relatively unadorned in some regions but considerably more elaborate in others, often with ornamentation imitative of the elaborate and lavish
McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Architecture and Construction. Copyright © 2003 by McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc.