Choctaw

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Choctaw

(chŏk`tô), Native North Americans whose language belongs to the Muskogean branch of the Hokan-Siouan linguistic stock (see Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
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). They formerly occupied central and S Mississippi with some outlying groups in Alabama, Georgia, and Louisiana. Choctaw culture was similar to that of the Creek and Chickasaw, who were their enemies in repeated wars. The Choctaw economy was based on agriculture, and the Choctaw were perhaps the most competent farmers in the Southeast. Friendly toward the French colonists, the Choctaw were their allies in wars against other tribes. After being forced to cede their lands in Alabama and Mississippi, they moved (1832) to the Indian TerritoryIndian Territory,
in U.S. history, name applied to the country set aside for Native Americans by the Indian Intercourse Act (1834). In the 1820s, the federal government began moving the Five Civilized Tribes (Cherokee, Creek, Seminole, Choctaw, and Chickasaw) of the Southeast to
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 in Oklahoma, where they became one of the Five Civilized Tribes. In 1990 there were over 85,000 Choctaw in the United States, with more than half living in Oklahoma.

Bibliography

See A. Debo, The Rise and Fall of the Choctaw Republic (3d ed. 1967); A. H. DeRosier, The Removal of the Choctaw Indians (1971); W. D. Baird, Peter Pitchlynn: Chief of the Choctaws (1972); C. K. Reeves, The Choctaw Before Removal (1985).

References in periodicals archive ?
A shorter version of this article was published as Solangel Maldonado, The Story of the Holyfield Twins: Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians v.
The Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians established the Choctaw Resort Development Enterprise to operate the Silver Star Hotel and Casino and to develop and operate the Golden Moon Hotel and Casino.
Choctaw Resort Development Enterprise (the "Enterprise"), a business enterprise of The Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians, a federally recognized Indian Tribe (the "Tribe") today announced the pricing terms of its previously announced cash tender offer (the "Offer") and consent solicitation (the "Solicitation") for its 9-1/4% Senior Notes due 2009 (CUSIP No.
Choctaw Resort Development Enterprise (the "Enterprise"), a business enterprise of The Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians, a federally recognized Indian Tribe (the "Tribe"), announced today the commencement of an offering of $150 million of Senior Notes due 2019 in a private placement.
Choctaw Resort Development Enterprise (the "Enterprise"), a business enterprise of The Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians, a federally recognized Indian Tribe (the "Tribe") announced today the results to date of its previously announced cash tender offer (the "Offer") and consent solicitation (the "Solicitation") for its 9-1/4% Senior Notes due 2009 (CUSIP No.
Choctaw Resort Development Enterprise (the "Enterprise"), a business enterprise of The Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians, a federally recognized Indian Tribe (the "Tribe"), announced today that it has commenced a cash tender offer (the "Offer") and consent solicitation (the "Solicitation") for any and all of its 9 1/4% Senior Notes due 2009 (CUSIP No.
The Choctaw Resort Development Enterprise (CRDE), a business enterprise of the Mississippi Band of Choctaw Indians which markets itself as the Pearl River Resort, today announced a series of management changes with the departure of Jay Dorris from the Enterprise and the appointment of Sheila Martin, acting president and Kerry Smith as interim chief operating officer of gaming.

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