Showing topographical plots of MMN responses to the mistuning deviants, which elicited the strongest and most consistent MMN responses in the tested sample in the EEG (a), MEG magnetometers (b), and MEG gradiometers (c).
Type of deviant Description Mistuning 3% pitch frequency increase Timbre Flute sound Timing delay 100 ms silent gap before the tone Melody modulation Tone replacement Rhythm modulation Duration switch between two successive tones Transposition Semitone pitch change of a pattern Melodies with Type of deviant Occurrence Tone number deviants Mistuning Single 1st, 2nd, 4th 14% Timbre Single 1st, 3rd, 4th, ending 8% Timing delay Single 1st, 2nd, 3rd, ending 8% Melody modulation Consistent 3rd, 4th 12% Rhythm modulation Consistent 2nd, 3rd 7% Transposition Consistent Initial triad 16%
Effect of mistuning
are omitted and therefor system is considered with fully cyclic symmetry.
Vibrato may contribute to the tendency of listeners to allow for more mistuning
from singers than from violinists, but researchers have yet to test for that possibility.
Afterwards the 11 presenters demonstrated different HCF problems and their mitigations based on either the traditional redesign approaches or advanced solutions, such as frictional damping technology or intentional blade mistuning
The adjustment of the parameter [DELTA]l was used to tune the mistuning
of the resonant frequencies of coupled single-mode resonators that are equivalent to the dual-mode resonator.
In this regard Tenney invokes the mechanism of tolerance, familiar from cognitive psychology, which holds that - within a certain tolerance range, or range of frequencies - some slight mistuning
is possible without altering the harmonic identity of an interval.
People learn to accept a limited amount of musical mistuning
as still being in tune, with vocalists getting an especially big break.
In his 14 years of research, he has successfully addressed a wide array of problems, in particular developing comprehensive simulation techniques of random processes and fields, devising new probabilistic approaches for the analysis of the random mistuning
effects in turbomachinery blade vibrations, introducing and applying structural identification techniques to flow-induced vibration problems, and analyzing the characteristics of spinning beams and plates.
The two studies further demonstrated that, as the mistuning
of a harmonic is gradually increased to about 130 cents (8%), virtual pitch gradually returns to its original position (i.
Among the topics covered are piezoelectric crystals, shape memory alloys, electrorheological fluids, vibration absorbers, fiber optics, and mistuning
Professional musicians correctly noted pelog mistunings
almost as often as major and minor deviations.