Mitchel, John

Mitchel, John,

1815–75, Irish revolutionist and journalist. A practicing lawyer, Mitchel contributed articles to the Nation (Dublin) and the United Irishman, which he founded in 1848, calling for rebellion against Britain. He was transported to Australia for sedition before the abortive Young Ireland revolt of 1848, which he had helped prepare, was carried out. He escaped to the United States in 1853, where he led a turbulent and contentious career as a journalist, editing the proslavery journal Citizen (1854–55) in New York City, and during the Civil War, the Richmond Enquirer. After a short imprisonment (1865) for his Confederate activities, he became acknowledged leader of the Irish-American nationalists, and as such edited the Irish Citizen. He returned to Ireland and was elected (1875) to Parliament shortly before his death. His Jail Journal (1854; new ed., with intro. by Arthur Griffith, 1945) is an Irish revolutionary classic.

Mitchel, John

 

Born Nov. 3, 1815, in Dungiven, County Londonderry; died Mar. 20, 1875, in Newry, County Down. Leading figure in the Irish liberation movement.

Mitchel joined the Repeal Association and the patriotic society Young Ireland, and in 1846 promoted the breakaway of radical elements from the compromise wing of the Association, headed by Daniel O’Connell. In 1847 he was one of the organizers of the Irish Confederation, in which he put forward the idea of freeing the country by revolutionary means. Mitchel called for the preparation of an armed uprising against English rule. Influenced by Utopian socialism, he advocated an alliance with the English Chartists.

On May 27, 1848, Mitchel was sentenced by an English court to 14 years’ hard labor in Tasmania. In 1853 he escaped and fled to the United States, where he continued to take part in the Irish national liberation movement. In the last years of his life he made numerous trips to his homeland to carry on propaganda. Mitchel’s works on Irish history significantly contributed to the development of a democratic trend in Irish historiography.

WORKS

The Last Conquest of Ireland. Glasgow, 1876.
The History of Ireland From the Treaty of Limerick to the Present Time,vols. 1–2. London, 1868.

REFERENCES

[Kunina, V. E.] “National’no-osvoboditel’naia bor’ba irlandskogo naroda v 1848 g.” In the collection Revoliutsii 1848–1849 [vol.] 2. Moscow, 1952.
Dillon, W. Life of John Mitchel, vols. 1–2. London, 1888.
L. I. GOL’MAN

Mitchel, John (Purroy)

(1879–1918) mayor; born in Fordham, N.Y. Grandson of the ardent Irish nationalist, John Mitchel, he was a lawyer who came to prominence as a special investigator of New York City officials (1906). Running as a fusion candidate, he won the New York mayoralty in 1913, the youngest mayor in the city's history. He introduced a number of much-needed civic reforms, including a program of tax relief, but he was brought down in the 1917 election by the perception that he was undemocratic, along with allegations of scandal. He died in an airplane accident while training for the Aviation Corps in World War I.
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MisterNothing comprises Mitchel, John Wilcox on guitar, Walsall bassist Matt Cottam and drummer Charlotte Pyatt from Burton.
Both were very successful and a standard out was the involvement of interstate and local speakers; Professor Debra Corrigan, Dr Peter Ball, Nigel Mitchel, John Cadogen and Gerard Ezcurra joined Tasmanian Speakers Dr Richard Doyle, Catriona Nichols and Mike Badcock.
Mitchel, John, Jail Journal xxxix; id., The History of Ireland (Glasgow 1869), pp.