Mitchell, John Thomas Whitehead

The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.

Mitchell, John Thomas Whitehead


Born Oct. 18, 1828, in Rochdale, Lancashire; died there Mar. 16, 1895. Prominent figure in the English cooperative movement.

Mitchell began working as a weaver when he was ten years old. In 1853 he joined the Rochdale Society of Equitable Pioneers, becoming one of its leaders in 1857. In 1874 he became the director of the Cooperative Wholesale Society.

Mitchell left no scholarly works on the problems of the cooperative movement. He devoted his life to the practical work of management in the English cooperatives, mistakenly believing that under capitalism this represented the best way to eliminate poverty and improve the living standards of the workers.


Redfern, P. John T. W. Mitchell: Pioneer of Consumers’ Cooperation. London, 1924.
Webb, B. My Apprenticeship, 2nd ed. London, 1946.
The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.