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(mētēlyē`nyē) or


(mĭtĭlē`nē), city (1991 pop. 24,953), capital of Lesbos prefecture, E Greece, a port on the island of LesbosLesbos
or Lésvos
, island (1991 pop. 87,151), c.630 sq mi (1,630 sq km), E Greece, in the Aegean Sea near Turkey. A fertile island, it has vast olive groves and also produces wheat, wine, and citrus fruit.
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 in the Aegean Sea. Roman remains are there.
The Columbia Electronic Encyclopedia™ Copyright © 2013, Columbia University Press. Licensed from Columbia University Press. All rights reserved.
The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). It might be outdated or ideologically biased.



a city in Greece, the chief port of the island of Lesvos (Lesbos) in the Aegean Sea. Population, 23,400 (1971). Local products include olive oil, wine, tobacco, textile goods, leather, and soap; fruit is grown mainly for export.

Called Mytilene in antiquity, the city was a major polis, or city-state. In 493 B.C., during the Greco-Persian wars, it was captured by the Persians. Mytilene joined the Delian League after 478–477. In 428 the citizens of Mytilene rose up against Athenian hegemony. Athens cruelly punished Mytilene; 1,000 people were executed, the city’s walls were razed, part of its territory was confiscated for settlement by some 3,000 Athenian cleruchs (lot holders), and Mytilene’s fleet was handed over to Athens. The city declined during the period of Hellenism and revived only in the period of the early Roman Empire. Mytilene was the birthplace of the poets Alcaeus and Sappho.

The Great Soviet Encyclopedia, 3rd Edition (1970-1979). © 2010 The Gale Group, Inc. All rights reserved.
References in periodicals archive ?
The remaining 11 are on the Greek islands of Corfu/ Kerkyra (CFU), Crete/Chania (CHQ), Kefalonia (EFL), Kos (KGS), Mitilini (MJT), Mykonos (JMK), Rhodes (RHO), Samos (KGS), Santorini (JTR), Skiathos (JSI) and Zakynthos (ZTH).
Fraport AG Frankfurt Airport Services Worldwide and its partner Copelouzos Group said they have been selected as preferred investor for a 40-year operating concession by the Hellenic Republic Assets Development Fund for 14 regional airports in Greece, including Aktio, Chania (Crete), Kavala, Kefalonia, Kerkyra (Corfu), Kos, Mitilini, Mykonos, Rhodes, Samos, Santorini, Skiathos, Thessaloniki, and Zakynthos.
CY and Royal Holidays signed the deal for flights to Greek destinations including Santorini, Mitilini, Corfu, Crete, Mykonos, Kos, Skiathos, Samos, Alexandroupolis, Kavala, Rhodes and Karpathos and international destinations like Prague, Venice, Rome and Sharm el-Sheikh.
In Greece, apart from Athens and Thessaloniki, where the embassy and consulate are situated respectively, there are plans for polling stations to open in Patra, Komotini, Volos, Dhrama, Rhodes, Mitilini, Ioannina, Kalamata, Kastoria, Crete and Larissa.
Early career unknown, but succeeded Lysander as Spartan fleet commander in early 406; suppressed discontent among his officers fostered by Lysander, and endeavored to free himself from dependence on Persian subsidies; built more ships, and defeated the Athenian fleet under Conon at Methymna (island off the eastern coast of Lesvos) (406); blockaded the Athenians in Mytilene (Mitilini), but his fleet of 120 ships was defeated, and he was drowned by an Athenian relief fleet of 150 ships at the battle of Arginusae (406).